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Aunty vs Auntie


The main difference between the words Aunty and Auntie are two, the first one is that Aunty is more frequently used in British English while Auntie is more frequently used in American English. The other is that Aunty is mostly used in a more formal tone while Auntie is considered a less formal word.

In many parts of Asia, the term “aunty” is used as a term of respect to address or refer to older women who are not related to the speaker. It is similar to the use of “Mrs.” or “Miss” in English-speaking countries, and is often used by children or young male and female adults when referring to women who are older than themselves. The term “aunty” is used in a wide range of contexts and can be applied to any woman, due to its usage It is not specific to any particular country or culture.

Comparison Chart

Basis of Distinction Aunty
Definition A relative that has at least 25% of genetic relationship with the person. A genetic connection that is pretty close to the person who can call them their relative.
Connection Aunty is considered the casual term for Aunt. Auntie is considered the casual term for Aunty.
Usage Mostly used in British English Mostly used in American English
Origin In the early 18th century In 1970’s

What is Aunty?

The term Aunty can be defined in two different ways, the first one being that an aunty is a sister of either your father or mother, it can also be called to someone who is the wife of your uncle. The second definition will be that which is not related to anyone. In more technical terms it can be defined as a relative that has at least 25% of the genetic relationship with the person they are a relative with. It should be noted that most of the people use the same word for their grandparent which are then called grand-aunt.


The etymology of this word gives an interesting read as it is derived from the world ante which is a French word, this word itself was originated from Latin language word amita which means like a mother. This shows that the word is closely related to the family but in the English language, the word has somewhat changed to a formal way of calling your relative which is not that close. It is more used as well, especially in British English. The best example of this word will be “I have come to drop this letter for your son, Aunty” this gives the impression that the person is known to the other properly. The word itself has been existing for a long time and has roots well in the 18th centuries when it was properly introduced in the English language from French.

What is Auntie?

It can then be defined as the adult female friend or an unknown person who is in some sort of connection with a young one. This term is also associated with women who like to gossip a lot or the ones who like to talk more than others in a daily routine.


But most important thing perhaps to know about it is that this word belongs to the American English and therefore can be called a synonym of Aunty in the American language. It can, therefore, be said that this term can be used for someone you love or someone you do not have any sort of affection with, but that can differ in the way the words is uttered.

There are many ways of describing the word, it is the less formal term and is usually associated with people who do have some sort of emotional resemblance. It also has been associated with kids who like to call elders with a different name and therefore it converted from aunty to auntie though there are no proper proofs for it.

For most language purposes Auntie is considered the informal term for Aunt and has been used in most books which are not that closely connected to literature. This word is considered more formal and mostly used this way in Language. The term can be explained in several ways with the help of examples such as “Hello Auntie, looks like you have cooked something delicious for dinner tonight” It gives the impression that the person is being talked by someone who knows them and has some sort of connection with them.

Key Differences between Aunty and Auntie

The Key Differences between Aunty and Auntie between Aunty vs. Auntie are given below:

  1. The word Aunty has been used for well over two centuries while the world Auntie has been recently introduced as late as 1970’s.
  2. The term Aunty is mostly used in British English while the term Auntie is mostly used in American English.
  3. In more technical terms the word Auntie is used for someone with whom you have a blood relation while the term Aunty is used for someone who is not genetically related to the other person.
  4. The best example of Aunty will be “I have come to drop this letter for your son, Aunty” while the best example of the world Auntie will be “Hello Auntie, looks like you have cooked something delicious for dinner tonight.”
  5. The word Aunty is considered the casual term for Aunt while the world Auntie is considered the casual term for Aunty.

Production Management vs Operations Management

Production Management vs. Operations Management
Production Management vs. Operations Management

Firstly, the main objective of production and operation management is to manage the resources of the firm. The main difference between production and operation management is that production management focuses on the production of goods and services. On the other hand, operation management includes activities like comprising supervisions, planning and designing of business operations. It can also be said that the production management is also a part of operation management.

Production management and operations management are management jargon that needs to be simplified for those who are sitting on the fence or those inside an organization unable to comprehend them clearly. Lastly, both are part of business activities and both are required to run the business smoothly.

Comparison Chart

Basis Production Management  Operation Management
Definition Production Management connotes the administration of the range of activities belonging to the creation of products. Operations Management refers to the part of management concerned with the production and delivery of goods and services.
Capital Production management requires extra capital to make the capital in the beginning and needless labor because it offers with the unit. The operation management requires less capital funding because it wants extra work and needs immediate outcomes.
Found in Production management is found in enterprises where production is undertaken. It is found in Banks, Hospitals, Companies including production companies, Agencies, etc.
Occurrence Production management occurs on outputs after manufacturing raised in the market. Operation management occurs on input during manufacturing.
Objective The objective of production management is to produce the right quality goods in the right quantity at the right time and at least cost Its objective is to utilize resources, to the extent possible so as to satisfy customers wants.

What is Production Management?

Production management performs many tasks regarding the production of goods and services. It is a process of planning, scheduling, supervising and controlling the activities involved in the production of goods and services. The main objective of product management is to produce the right quality at the right time and at the cheapest price.

Basically, production management is found in enterprises where production is found. The Production Management alludes to the utilization of administration requirements to the technology work in an industrial facility. Production administration is the process of viable arranging and controlling the operations of that space of an enterprise which oversees the real change of supplies into accomplished objects. In this process of production management the decision regarding the quality, quantity, price, packaging, design, etc. are taken by the production manager.

Production Management

What is Operation Management?

Operation management gives the insurance of smoothness and effectiveness of the operation in the organization. Basically, deals with designing, implementing and controlling system of the management.

The main objective of the operation management is to make sure that that the operation of business runs effectively and result in the minimum of wastage. Operations administration handles totally different very important points together with deciding the span of assembling crops and enterprise administration strategies and actualizing the construction of information innovation techniques. It ensures the supplies and work, or another data is utilized as a part of the very best and productive route conceivable inside an affiliation – alongside these strains amplifying the yield.

The operations chief wants to consider the common key methods, structural materials arranging, assembling and creation frameworks, and their examination. Operations Management is all about the optimum utilization of the company’s resources.

Operations Management

What is the difference between production management and operations management?
The production Management of any Company or Firm is responsible for providing high quality goods or items in the required quantity at the right time and suitable market price.
where as operation Management aims to manage the administrations and business operations related to the manufacturing of goods by using the resources of the organization in the best possible way.
Both Production Management and operation management aims to fulfil the customer’s wants and needs. So the company can progress and the cycle goes on.

To further understand the differences lets dive deep into this topic below.

Key Differences between Production Management and Operations Management

  1. Production Management can be defined as the administration of the set of activities concerning the creation of goods or the transformation of raw material into finished goods. Conversely, Operations Management is used to mean that branch of management which deals with the administration both production of goods and provision of services to the customers.
  2. Production Management can only be found in firms where the production of goods is undertaken. Unlike, one can find operations management in every organization, i.e. manufacturing concerns, service-oriented firms, banks, hospitals, agencies, etc.
  3. Production administration requires no enter from the shopper, however, operation administration takes enter from the shopper as they make the most of companies.
  4. Production administration requires extra capital gear to make the product in the beginning and much less labour because it offers with the units. On the opposite hand, operation administration requires much less capital funding however wants extra work as folks need immediate outcomes.
  5. Operation Management turns into referred to as the method that offers the administration aspect of the issues relating to the enterprise actions and the processes coping with effectivity throughout the group.

Comparison Video


Thus, production and operation management are related to each other. Sometimes people found difficulty in differentiating them. Production management involves in all the activities which are related to the production of goods and services. On the other hand, Operation management is related to all the activities regarding management like production of the good, delivery of services, the quantity of product, quality of product and also meet the customer demands. In conclusion, both are the most important management activity.


DSS vs. BI
DSS vs. BI

DSS stands for Decision Support System and is a computerized system for information that helps with the decision making within an organization or a business community. BI stands for Business Intelligence and acts as a term used to describe various software programs that help with the organization and management of data and other valuable information within an organization.

Comparison Chart

Basis of Distinction DSS BI
Acronym Decision Support System Business Intelligence
Definition A computerized system for information that helps with the decision making within an organization or a business community. A term used to describe various software programs that help with the organization and management of data and other valuable information within an organization.
Benefit It helps the user to find out the errors that exist within the program and aid them to analyze the information to make decisions. It helps with the automatic analysis and therefore gives suggestions that just have the implementation phase left to act.
Management It takes more time for the beginning to the implementation since the processes involved require time and mostly include manual handling. It takes less time to complete all the features since the computer thinks for itself and hence, does not require manual handling.
Applications Sales order, material requirement, planning of results, inventory records, and financial data among others. A decision support system, query, reporting, analytical processing, statistical analysis and data mining.

What is DSS?

DSS stands for Decision Support System and is a computerized system for information that helps with the decision making within an organization or a business community. The primary task for the system becomes the analysis of bigger areas of data and compilation of information.

The DSS is a data application that produces far-reaching data. It is not quite the same as an operations application, which would be utilized to gather the information in any case. Mid-to upper-level administration employs a DSS, and it is crucial for seeing a lot of information. For instance, a DSS could be used to extend an organization’s income over the up and coming six months given new suspicions about item deals. Because of the substantial measure of factors that encompass the anticipated revenue figures, this is not a precise count that should be possible by hand.

A DSS can incorporate numerous factors and create a result and interchange results, considering the organization’s past item deals information and current factors. A choice emotionally supportive network may exhibit data graphically and may incorporate a specialist framework or human-made brainpower (AI). It might be gone for business officials or some other gathering of information laborers. The idea of choice support has developed chiefly from the theoretical investigations of authoritative primary leadership done at the Carnegie Institute of Technology amid the late 1950s and mid-1960s, and the usage work done in the 1960s. DSS turned into a territory of research of its own amidst the 1970s, preceding picking up in power amid the 1980s.

In the center and late 1980s, official data frameworks (EIS), common choice emotionally supportive networks (GDSS), and hierarchical decision emotionally supportive networks (ODSS) developed from the single client and model-situated DSS.


What is BI?

BI stands for Business Intelligence and acts as a term used to describe various software programs that help with the organization and management of data and other valuable information within an organization. It includes several activities such as data mining, online processing, reporting, and querying.

Business Intelligence frameworks give authentic, current, and prescient perspectives of business operations, regularly utilizing the information that has been assembled into an information distribution center or an information shop and at times working from operational information. Programming components bolster revealing, intuitive “cut up” rotate table examinations, perception, and measurable data mining. Applications handle deals, creation, money related, and many different wellsprings of business information for purposes that incorporate business execution administration.

Data frequently assemble about the various organizations in a similar industry which are known as benchmarking. As of now, associations are beginning to see that information and substance ought not to be viewed as independent parts of data administration, but rather ought to oversee in a coordinated venture approach. Undertaking data policy brings Business Intelligence and Enterprise Content Management together.

As of now, associations are moving towards Operational Business Intelligence which is as of now under served and uncontested by merchants. Customarily, Business Intelligence merchants are focusing on just top the pyramid however now there is an outlook change advancing toward Taking Business Intelligence to the base of the pyramid with a concentration of self-administration business insight.

These frameworks will outline business knowledge in the zones of client profiling, client bolster, statistical surveying, showcase division, item benefit, factual investigation, and stock and dispersion examination to give some examples.

BI Business Intelligence

Quick Difference Between DSS and BI
DSS helps the organizations or users to analyze data/information to make decisions. DSS is required by organizations or users because the MIS (Management information systems) and TPS (Transaction Processing Systems) lack the ability to generate reports that help in making specific decisions for the organization or community.
Where as BI is term that talks about various type of software and applications that can be used to manipulate data/information such as for storing, analyzing and acquiring. More accurate and sound decisions can be made with help of BI.

Key Differences between DSS and BI

  1. DSS stands for Decision Support System and is a computerized system for information that helps with the decision making within an organization or a business community. On the other hand, BI stands for Business Intelligence and acts as a term used to describe various software programs that help with the organization and management of data and other valuable information within an organization.
  2. The DSS helps the user to find out the errors that exist within the program and aid them to analyze the information to make decisions. On the other hand, BI helps with the automatic analysis and therefore gives suggestions that just have the implementation phase left to act.
  3. The DSS takes more time for the beginning to the implementation since the processes involved require time and mostly include manual handling. On the other hand, the BI takes less time to complete all the features since the computer thinks for itself and hence, does not require manual handling.
  4. Some of the primary applications for the DSS include the sales order, material requirement, planning of results, inventory records, and financial data among others. On the other hand, some of the primary applications of BI include decision support system, query, reporting, analytical processing, statistical analysis and data mining.
  5. The DSS has originated from the BI, but the most used process currently remains the first.

Coming vs Comming

Coming vs Comming

The main difference between Coming and Comming is that Coming is an Approaching; of the future, especially the near future; the next and the Comming is an obsolete spelling of coming, now an occasional misspelling.

Which is correct: Coming or Comming

How to spell Coming?

Coming Correct Spelling
Comming Incorrect Spelling

Definition of coming

Correct spelling: verb come + suffix –ing that creates adjective = coming, the only right version.

adjective, happening soon if something is coming it is expected.
I just hope the coming year will be better for me.
noun, approach
His coming to the party was a big sensation.

Coming vs Comming


Comming is generally misspelled. there is only one m in a basic verb (come), so adding one more m will be the wrong spelling, and the correct form is coming. Please do not use the form comming as it is incorrect.

Coming (verb)
present participle of come

Coming (noun)
The act of arriving; an arrival

Coming (adjective)
Approaching; of the future, especially the near future; the next.
“We expect great things from you this coming year.”
“She will have two or three paintings in the coming exhibition.”

Coming (adjective)
Newly in fashion; advancing into maturity or achievement.
“Ergonomic wallets are the coming thing.”

Coming (adjective)
Ready to come; complaisant; fond.

Comming (verb)
obsolete spelling of coming, now an occasional misspelling

i hope this article helped you clear your concept about the two terms Comming and coming.
And now you are able to distinguish the difference between the these two words. And you have come to the conclusion, why are they used the way they are used. Pursing a career as writer, Sometimes small things matters the most. Such these two simple
words which come across our eyes a lot but we have never tried to find the true difference between them, we think of them as minor
things. But they can come very handy when we are looking for perfection in our work or piece of writing

Technical Writing vs Creative Writing

Technical Writing vs Creative Writing

Since the world came into being, the invention of writing is termed as one of the biggest revolution as it eased the way to communicate people with each other and most importantly it also played pivotal role in cultural transmit from one generation to another. Now the thousands of years have passed, and writing has become a way complex than it was before as it can be sub divided in many genres and types and everyone of it occupies its own specific audience.

Technical writing and creative writing are two types of writing, which can be distinguished easily by looking at their traits. The main difference between both of them is that, creative writing is written to enthrall, entertain and arouse a certain felling in a reader, whereas technical writing is to educate the audience with the factual information and is presented in a logical manner.

What is Technical Writing?

Writing is nowadays one of the vast field as it is not just restricted to writing on papers or magazines. It further possess many types, which generate hefty revenues, beside the fact that common people are just aware of two types of writings, fiction writing and nonfiction writing.

Technical writing’s main purpose is to educate people in a logical way that might cause boredom for the audience. As in technical writing, the facts are being displayed and most often the examples placed in it are also rigid that can be felt by the one who reads the whole context and can deal with the logic inside.

Technical Writing vs Creative Writing

At the end of the day, we can say that one doing technical writing should have got his/her formal education properly. It is mostly about the field experts of different, who tried to prove their point by quantitative-qualitative experiment, by applying some formulas or in any other way. While doing this, the writer might also made some figures or give examples but these examples are strictly limited to the point being explain as one doesn’t presents example of scenarios intending to captivate you.

What is Creative Writing?

It is something far beyond the boundary, with aiming to entertain the viewers and to make them imagine of what the writers are willing to provoke.  Here it should also be kept mentioned that all of the creative writings are to entertain but some along with it also holds some strong message, or it won’t be wrong to say that these writings are done to prove that point. But in this the typical formula or facts are not applied, they excite you by making you believe in the story in real. Finally, we can say they entertain and educate together but are written informally, might be imaginary to excite the audience.

One writing creative writing always get it clear in his/her mind that what he is going to write should be accepted by most of the people as generally speaking these writings are for everyone with sound mind which can feel the realness even in some self-made characters. In this it won’t affect that if the writer is not that much expert in something as it can be done by person from any group age, who gets his idea in a proper sequence and plays with the nerve of a reader.

If you are thinking to pursue a career in writing, you first goal should be find out whether your
skillset falls in category of Creative writing or technical writing. Many of the skills required
for both disciplines are common, but having a clear understanding of where your strength lie, will definitely help
you choose a perfect and more rewarding writing career.

I hope this article will help you draw a line between the two types of writing. And help you choose the
best option for your career.

The main features that distinguish Creative writing from Technical writing are:
Creative writing is mainly focused on imagination and invention. Creative writing requires writer to
use his own creativity, imagination power, and unique style to present some sort message or arouse a certain felling in a reader.
Creative writings are used to entertain, provoke, inspire the reader.

Technical Writing includes factual and straight forward content which are mainly focused to inform and educate the readers about
a particular subject or topic. The people that read this writing falls into a specific group.
information and directions on a specific topic, technique or method of doing something can be found in technical writing.

Key Differences between Technical Writing and Creative Writing

  1. In creative writing the most of the part is self-created, although the idea might be inspired but in technical writing the facts are to be obliged and the note is delivered from leading on what previously other greats have concluded.
  2. Most commonly, the creative writing is for general audience or for masses but technical writing is for specific audience.
  3. The creative writing entertains people as it has poetry or some illustrations or another idea, whereas the technical writing causes boredom as it follows the strong pattern based on facts and is just to transfer the information to the audience.
  4. In technical writing the specialized vocabulary, such like scientific terms and other are used while in creative writing, one can go with slang or evocative phrases or even something which can can be perceived well by the audience.
  5. Humor, satire might be the useful essences in creative writing but such thoughts or ideas have no link with the technical writing.
  6. Novel writing, poetry writing, satirical note are some of the types of creative writing, whereas report analysis, proving formulas are types of technical writing.
  7. A formal education of the technical writer seems necessary whereas, it’s never a milestone in between becoming a creative writer.

Web Server vs Database Server

web server vs database server
web server vs database server

Both web server and database server are two different kinds of server used for different purposes. Often people understand it for same purpose as both are used for infrastructure on Internet. Although number of similarities exists between them but here the concern is what are these two terms and what are the basic elements which distinguish between them? First understand the introduction of both terms before going for understanding the difference. Web server is a tool, which can be in form of software or hardware and is used to store the contents and data of any website. The term database is means to organizing the collected data and term server stands for a computer program or software used for managing the resources via Internet.

What is Web Server?

Web server is a tool, which can be in form of software or hardware and is used to store the contents and data of any website. Whenever you type any URL or website address in a web browser the address automatically inspected by the IP address of the server, where are the files of URL or database are stored. So in short, web server actually save the HTML content of the requesting websites and provides the same on demand of any user. In 1990, Time Berners developed the first web server. That time it was needed to develop a platform via which data can be easily exchanged between web server and web browser. For this purpose a common language was introduced known as HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol). Today with the advancement of other Internet programs, Internet languages has also been raised. PHP, ASP and JSP are also used in addition to HTTP.

web server vs database server
web server vs database server

What is Database Server?

The term database is means to organizing the collected data and term server stands for a computer program or software used for managing the resources via Internet. So the Database server is a computer software, which is used to backup the program and data of other computers or just computer programs. It is also known as client server model. It performs its work through Database Management Systems. MySQL, Oracle, SAP, IBM DB2, etc. are some well known Database Management System & Software. Every database server uses its own computer language or query language to executes the tasks.

Worth Checking Ethical vs Unethical Hacking:

All these database server are capable of analyzing, storing and archiving the data. One main advantage of a database server is that you can store all your specific data at one place. Like if you are using Oracle, all your inserted data will be automatically saved by the Oracle Database Management System.

A database server is a type hardware or software
that runs a network database application, A database application is used by organstions to
store, retrieve, manage and update data. some examples of database servers are
Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle,IBM Db2, Informix etc

A web server can is a type of software or hardware unit, that store the content of your website.
such as HTML documents, images, JavaScript and CSS stylesheets. When you type any url on your web-browser, it the web-server that provides
you with content that you see on your screen.
Some of the examples of web servers are Apache, Microsoft’s Internet Information Services (IIS).

Key Differences between Web Server and Database Server

  1. The languages of both server are different from each other. Web server uses a common language in shape of HTTP, PHP, ASP or JSP and any web browser can locate the web server if it is using a different supportable language. While database server has its own specific program language or query language and without having common language, which is used by it, it cannot perform.
  2. Database server deals with the storing and managing the data of a computer or computer programs while web server is used to save the static and dynamic content and pages of websites.
  3. Database server can manage the web based, enterprise based or business based services at the same time while web server only performs web based services.
  4. Apache HTTP Server, Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS), Nginx, Google Web Server (GWS) and Sun Java System Web Server are examples of web server. While Oracle, SAP, MySQL and DB2 are some common examples of database server.

Questionnaire vs Interview

questionnaire vs interview

Questionnaires and Interviews both imply asking questions to the respondents who are supposed to answer them precisely. However, there is a big difference between the two. Questionnaires restrict the response of the respondents with closed-ended questions whereas interviews invite the opinions of the respondents with open-ended questions.

Before we jump deep to explain the difference between Questionnaire vs Interview
Let’s first try to understand the difference between Open-ended questions and Closed-ended questions.

What are Open-ended Questions?

Open-ended questions can’t be answered in one word. Instead open-ended question leads to a conversation.
The respondent don’t need to choose from a pre-selected options, instead he can come up with his unique answer.
These questions require the respondent to elaborate on their thoughts.

Example : How do you see your future?
What is the purpose of government?

What are Closed-ended Questions?

Closed-ended questions comes in various forms that include multiple choice questions,
drop down menu, selecting options using checkboxes, and ranking questions.
So basically the respondent has to choose answers from a list of pre-selected options rather then
coming up with his own unique and unanticipated answer.

Are you satisfied with the new interface of diffzi.com ?” → Yes/No/Mostly/Not quite).
“Are you hungry?” → Yes/No

Yet both of them are resources of data collection. During the research, once the research problem is traced out and the research design is laid out, the task of data collection begins. Data is collected by primary resources like observation, survey, questionnaire, interview, etc and by secondary resources where the information is retrieved from some book, journal or newspaper.

We can email or mail the questionnaires to the respondents and get them answered at a distance since they are a set of questions on a piece of paper. However, for an interview physical presence is needed since it is one to one interaction. Here the respondents are asked questions directly. Nevertheless, remote interviews may also be taken on the telephone or online.

Although questionnaires and interviews are sources of primary data collection there is a lot of difference between the two. The questions in an interview can have a change in the order and arrangement of the questions whereas in a questionnaire the questions are in a fixed order and have a more rigid nature.

Furthermore, the information achieved in a questionnaire is factual whereas in an interview it is more analytical than factual. Hence interviews and questionnaires are different in many ways.

Comparison Chart

Basis Questionnaire Interview
Form Written Oral
Meaning  It is a form comprising of written multiple-choice questions to be filled by the participants. It is a formal session of a set of questions that are to be answered by the participants.
Nature of Questions Objective and close-ended Subjective and open-ended
Information Factual Analytical
Order of questions Cannot be changed since it is in printed format Can be switched depending on the need
Communication One to many One to one
Non-respondents High Low
Identity of respondent Disclosed Revealed
Coverage High Low

What is a Questionnaire?

A questionnaire is a tool used for research, which comprises a list of questions, with a set of multiple choice answers. These questions can either be on a printed piece of paper or provided on software where the correct option is to be selected. Generally, questionnaires are delivered to the persons concerned either by post or e-mail, requesting them to answer the questions and return it. The informants are expected to read and understand the questions and reply from the options of answers given for each question.

The questionnaire translates the required information into a series of questions, from which the respondents are to answer the one which they find more appropriate. A questionnaire is supposed to have relevant questions so that the respondents find it useful and engaging.

There are many advantages of piloting a questionnaire:

  1. It is a cheap method of data collection.
  2. It invites answers from a large sample of different backgrounds.
  3. It gives time to respondents to think before they answer.
  4. People living at a distance can also be invited to participate in the questionnaire.

Thus it is a feasible way of getting a response from a large group of people in a relatively short time.


What is an Interview?

In an interview, the data is directly collected by asking questions one to one. It is an in-depth conversation between the interviewer and the interviewee. The purpose is to extract opinions and gather information. The interaction is formal and the questions asked have been piloted beforehand. The session takes place orally and the responses are written down or mostly recorded and then transcribed.

This is considered to be an accurate method of data collection because the interviewer probes well into the question and extracts precise information through face-to-face interaction. There are fewer chances of misinterpretation of the data since the confusions can be clarified instantly by asking questions further on.

Interviews may be classified into two kinds:

Personal Interview: This is the most common mode of the interview where the physical presence of the interviewee is compulsory at the venue of the interview.

Telephonic Interview: In this kind of interview the physical presence of a person is not necessary and the interview is managed online by fruitful conversation and a question-answer session.


Key Differences between Questionnaire and Interview

The differences between a questionnaire and an interview can be drawn precisely on the following points:

  1. A document comprising of a series of written or printed multiple-choice questions, to be marked by the recipients, is called a questionnaire. Whereas a formal conversation between the interviewer and the interviewee respondent where the two of them participate in a question-answer session is called an interview.
  2. The method of collecting data in a questionnaire involves mailing the questionnaire to the respondents in a written format. On the contrary, the interview method is one wherein the interviewer communicates to the respondent verbally face to face or online.
  3. The questionnaire is chiefly objective in nature whereas an interview is subjective
  4. An interview has open-ended questions on which the interviewer can prompt whereas the questions of a questionnaire is close-ended that invites a specific response.
  5. The order of questions in an interview can be altered according to the response of the interviewee whereas the questionnaire remains unaltered in all ways.
  6. The data collected through an interview is more expensive than that of a questionnaire since it generally involves a recorder and other technical gadgets.
  7. With the questionnaire, the respondents have plenty of time to think before they mark the final answers however the interviewee has to give abrupt answers and has lesser time to think before responding.
  8. Yet it is up to the person who fills the questionnaire to fully respond to it or give a partial response. The researcher has no control over the number of answers gathered. Whereas the interviewer manages to get a response to all of its questions by the continuous stimulus.


Both questionnaires and interviews are primary sources of data collection methods. Each has its pros and cons and hence depending on the need of the research project they should be selected carefully. An interview has higher investment and seems a more accurate source of data collection whereas; a questionnaire invites a larger sample of people who may be distant and have a different background. Thus a questionnaire is far cheaper and requires less investment of time. Hence considering the research needs each method should be selected carefully.


Wikipedia: Questionnaire
Wikipedia: Interview

Hard Copy vs Soft Copy

Hard Copy vs Soft Copy
Hard Copy vs. Soft Copy

Today any type of readable and writable data can be shaped into two different forms. Either in the form of soft copy or in the form of hard copy. The basic purpose of these two is the presentation or storage of written material and data. The purpose of this article is to draw a fine line between hard copy and soft copy and clear the minds of readers about any confusion of both terms.

When we talk about computer hardware, There are two types of output hardware:

  • Softcopy output hardware :

The type of hardware which produces output which is non-tangible, but it can be only seen. i.e. monitor, display screen of your mobile phone etc. These hardware shows output in the form of softcopy. This data or output/results can be stored in some form of memory.

  • Hardcopy output hardware:  

This refers to the type of hardware that produces output which is tangible, and it can also be seen. i.e. Printers, scanners etc. The output produced by these hardware device is on the paper and is called hardcopy.

The term hard copy means something touchable, physical and tangible such as Tele printer pages, books, computer printouts while soft copy means data or information which is non-tangible, can only be seen on the screen and it can be stored in any kind of digital memory.

Comparison Chart

Basis Hard Copy Soft Copy
Cost More expensive Less expensive
Portability Portability issues No portability issues
Preserved Less chance of being preserved for a very long time Can be preserved for a very long time
Transmission Mail, hand to hand. Electronic mail, digital, internet.
Nature Physical in nature Logical in nature
Editing Editing/Manipulating is harder Editing/Manipulating is easier

What is a Hard Copy?

The term hard copy itself describes something touchable, physical and tangible. And copy means the result of production or information. So the collective meaning of hard copy is, production of any record or information in a physical object or form. Printed books, newspapers, magazines, documents, etc. all are kinds of hard copy. A hard copy is an older way of keeping the record in physical form. Although technology has been changed but still old is gold. Property papers, contracts, agreements and other signed documents are still required to be kept in physical form or hard copy to prove your point.

Tele printer pages, books, computer printouts and likewise pages and printouts are the best examples of hard copy. It is considered as an old way of representing the data but still the widely used medium of data and information in the modern world. The term hard copy sometimes also used for computing purposes as well. But make it clear that non-printed punched paper tapes, diskettes, CDs or any kind of magnetic tapes are not considered as the hard copies.

The hard copy is highly associated with the printing of newspapers, books and likewise printouts. Despite the fact that there are many advantages of using hard copy but this system is gradually decreasing because it involves huge cost and wastage of time. You can’t easily share the hard copy in case of the original one with anyone living in another country. In case of giving another hard copy of the document to anyone means there will be printing cost. But still, the hard copy is generally accepted as the authentic medium of information. In case of the validity of the document, signatures are taken on the hard format documents.

Hard Copy

What is a Soft Copy?

Soft copy means data or information which can be stored in any kind of digital memory. It is an intangible form of preserving the material. You can see the record but cannot touch it. Monitors or other display screens are used to see the soft copy results. Soft copy is the latest form of preserving the material and information in a digital form. With the invention of the computer, the concept of soft copy came into existence.

Among a lot of advantages of having soft copy two main advantages of the soft copy are that you can anytime send the data via email and can preserve the data without having an actual physical place. In short, you can get rid of courier services and bulky files. Unlike hard copy, it is not stored or printed over physical paper rather available in the form of digital document files like digital text format, image format or any other presentation format. PDF, doc files, xlx files, presentation files, etc. are the best examples of soft copy.

Instead of viewing via any physical media, these are accessed through database programs, word processing programs or through any presentation program subject to the format of the files or data. These can be transferred from one PC and operating system to another PC or operating system through USB drives, external disk drives or online sharing and downloading.

Must Read: Web server vs Database Server

There are many advantages of using soft copy as it makes the environment of office paperless. But at the same, the credibility of soft documents are still at stake. Despite the fact that the digital signature system has been introduced but still the signature fixed on the soft copy is not regarded as the genuine one and not authenticate the credibility of the document.

Soft Copy

Key Differences between Hard Copy and Soft Copy

  1. Producing soft copy is less expensive than producing a hard copy. Compiling a single book in hard format will be more expensive than producing an eBook on any word processing software.
  2. Soft copy has no weight. Weight is just of the media on which it is stored. Hard copy carries some weight. Having the bulk of pages of hard copy means large amount of weight as well.
  3. Soft copy requires no physical space as compares to hard copy. Sometimes hard copies required a special record room or portion of the cabinet.
  4. Hard copy cannot be preserved for a long time. Chances of termite become even higher in the case of old files and documents.
  5. Hard copy is beneficial in the sense that it is touchable and can be read out easily. While soft copy sometime requires special software to read and access.
  6. Soft copy is beneficial for the environment as it cuts the cost of papers, ink and printing. Hard copy requires all this material to get the shape.
  7. Although the soft copy is becoming more popular than hard copy still hard copy is used as a medium of evidence in case of legal disputes.
  8. Manipulating with the material of soft copy is easy than that of hard copy.
  9. Soft copy is a digital and electronic form of material while hard copy is a physical and tangible form of material.
  10. Electricity or any kind of power is necessary for soft copy, which is not required in case of hard copy.
  11. Hard copy is a printed document while the soft copy is an unprinted digital document.
  12. A soft copy can be shared with others by way of transferring via USB or external disk drives or attaching via email or by way of cloud sharing. Hard copy can be shared with others by way of getting another photocopy.
  13. You can make as many copies of soft copy as you can. This requires simple copy and paste and requires to additional cost. A copy of hard copy means another print out of the same document that requires additional cost.
  14. Hard copy requires extra gadgets for reading purposes except for the paper on which it is printed while soft copy can’t be read out without any word processing, database or presentation program subject to the format of files or data.
  15. Parceling hard copy to another country requires time and cost while soft copy can be shared easily by simply attach with email or through cloud sharing. A hard copy can be shared via fax as well but this also requires some processing methods of soft copy.
  16. Teleprinter pages, books, computer printouts and likewise pages and printouts are the best examples of hard copy. While PDF, doc files, xlx files, presentation files, etc. are the best examples of soft copy.
  17. Although digital signature system for soft copy has been introduced still the signatures on the hard copy are accepted as an authentic source.
  18. Hard copy provides more authenticity as compared to the soft copy.

Video Explanation

Faithful vs Loyal

Faithful vs. Loyal
Faithful vs. Loyal

The word Loyal can be described as someone who  shows a strong feeling of support  to someone/something, But being faithful is to stay sincere to someone for some sort of relation or we can say faithfulness is the quality of being faithful.

The difference between Faithfulness and Loyalty is that Faithfull person does not have time to get attracted with others, his/her attentions exclusively for the one they love. And a Loyal person still gets attracted with others, appreciates beauty, flirts in some ways, but at the end of the day, a loyal person knows where his/her heart belongs to.

Things may similar to people by the way they are used, but that does not mean they have the same meaning, usually in language, not considering slightest of differences between two words can lead to a fatal problem. The words are intended to express how a person feel about each other, start a conversation or to convey a message if they are not used all such actions correctly will not be possible.

Two words which deal with the family of sincerity are faithfulness and loyalty. Both tend to seem similar and do have a common root, but they can be very different in the classical language terms. Explaining these two words can be difficult, but there is a need to straighten out the confusions. Loyalty can be defined as a commitment made from one person to the other person. This can be based on words or past experiences.

A loyal person can be sincere to the other person, brand or lets says a football team because of their affiliation. There could be many reasons or that, for example if someone helped you in the time of need you always feel you are indebted to them. If you like a fashion brand, you always would want to wear their clothes.

Faithfulness is defined as dedication with the other person by your own feelings. There does not need to be any affiliation or personal experiences. It is based on the fact that how a person is in real life, they have a strong belief that the individual will stay the same and not change in the future.

Another way to describe the difference between them will be that a loyal person is always because of the past experience while a faithful person can be because of current, past or future events. A Loyal person can be guilty in a way, but a faithful person will always be passionate about the other person. A loyal person can see things as a duty and perform actions considering it an obligation while a reliable person does things based on personal willingness and passion.

A person will be loyal because they remember an act which happened in history while a person will be faithful because they believe a person will be the same in the future. There are multiple explanations and examples which can describe the differences between these two and some of them will be discussed in the latter paragraphs.

Comparison Chart

Basis Faithful Loyal
Type Always be sincere to what they think is right. Can be loyal to something right or wrong
Dependence Does not depend on a personal experience Can depend on a personal experience
Beginning A person thinks that the other one will remain the way they are currently Something which was done by someone for them
Example A person is always faithful to their relatives, family and closed ones A person can be loyal to their country, religion or a person

What do you mean by Loyal?

The best way to describe a loyal person is that they are committed to something based on personal experience. It is something they have observed which has led them to be loyal to someone or something. A Loyal person is not restricted to just another person. They can be sincere to a brand, a sports team or even of themselves.


The best example of loyalty is that a person did something for you, and you feel that you owe that person. It can also be with your country, no matter where you live you feel that you belong to your own country, and your feelings and sympathy lies with your own homeland. Therefore, it can be said that loyalty can be an obligation. Even if you do not get excited about it or feel that something towards it, there is a belief that you have to show your feelings and support a certain individual or group. It always is history based and cannot depend on something which might happen in the future.

What do you mean by faithful?

A person is called faithful to the other person if they have feelings towards them and have a trust that the individual will never let them down or stay the same forever. It does not depend on any personal experience and can be hypothetical. It is the observation of others, and a thought that consistency will prevail in them.


A person is always faithful to their family and loved ones. They do not have to do things for them as a duty, but there are this enthusiasm and passion for doing stuff when you are related to the other person or have feelings for them. Animals or another living thing may or may not be loyal, but a human being can be faithful to other humans only; they cannot be committed to their pet or the company they are working. It has more to do with future and does not depend on the past events.

Key Differences between Faithful and Loyal

  1. Faithfulness grows because of the belief that how a person will be in the future while Loyalty exists because how a person was in the past.
  2. Faithfulness does not depend on a personal experience. The Loyal person will always be loyal because of something they had observed or experienced.
  3. Loyal person deals with the history. Faithful person deals with the future events.
  4. The best example of a loyal person is that something which was done by someone for them while the best example of faithful is that a person thinks that the other one will remain the way they are currently.
  5. A person can be loyal to their country, religion or a person. A person is always faithful to their relatives, family and closed ones.
  6. In psychological terms, faithful is the word which is deemed more sensitive. Loyalty is a word which is considered stern.
  7. A person can be loyal to something right or wrong while a faithful person will always be sincere to what they think is right.

Usage in a sentence  :

We can use the world faithful in a sense, when we say “i will be always faithful to my wife”. This clearly mean to have No cheating among the spouses.

And the word loyal can be used in a sense when we say “i will be always loyal to my country”. this clearly means he has a strong support for his country.

What is better  Faithful or Loyal ?

Faithful. Because faithful is often used to show a healthy relationship. it emphasis that  both parties stand for each other and there is great support for one another and that nothing can separate them.


Faithful and Loyal are two works which have been used in the same context for a long time and people who are not language freaks do not know when to use the terms and get them confused. This space, therefore, has provided a clear understanding of the two words and explained the differences between them so that they can be used properly.

Processor vs Microprocessor

processor vs microprocessor

Like a Brain in Human body that control all the activities of our body and takes all the decisions, same goes for the processor in the computer. Both processor and microprocessor performs various functions for a computer through integrated components. They are the brain of the system. It is the processor which accept the input, information or data and command to process and store it and give the result in the shape of some output according to given instructions, in other worlds all the activities in your computer are controlled by the processor. processor and microprocessor are often used as terms like synonyms of each other but technically there is a wide gap between them. Now we will discuss one by one both terms.

Difference Between Processor vs Microprocessor

What is Processor?

Processor which is also known as Central Processing Unit (CPU) is a chip, assigned with the instructions of performing logical I/O operations and arithmetical functions of the computer. Do not confuse the term CPU/processor with the whole system.

In fact, processor or CPU is a small chip, which contains millions of tiny transistors to run the system effectively. It is the duty of processor to keep an eye over the computer. Its main function is to perform complex and difficult task. It reads and writes the data on CD/DVD, USB or another removable disk. It performs its functions through ALU and CU stands for Arithmetic Logic Unit and Control Unit respectively.

Here is more detailed review on differences between Processor vs Microprocessor.

Following are the components of the CPU

  • CU Control Unit
  • ALI Arithmetic Logic Unit
  • Registers
  • Cache Memory  (L1 Cache Memory)
  • Internal Buses


What is Microprocessor?

Microprocessor is the latest form of processor or CPU. The microprocessor is a single-chip circuit integrated with all qualities of CPU with few new circuits. Its processing speed is greater than CPU. Today all latest processor CPUs are a microprocessor.

Microprocessor is developed for multipurpose. It is capable in accepting and storing data and process them in output as a result according to instructions. This invention has changed the whole CPU/processor. Processing power cost has been introduced with an increase in processing speed.  Before microprocessors, medium and small scale circuits were used for small computers. But now small computers requires one or a few large scale circuits.


Key Differences between Processor and Microprocessor

  1. Processor or CPU is capable of performing all kinds of computing and arithmetic functions while microprocessor deals in BIOS & memory circuits in addition to performing all CPU functions.
  2. Microprocessor functions are greater than the processor. In addition to processor qualities, some graphic processor units (GPU), sound cards and internet cards are also included in it.
  3. CPU is mostly found in embedded systems where as Microprocessor is mostly used in personal computers.
  4. Microprocessor is the latest and upgraded version of processor/CPU.
  5. Although microprocessor is the latest and advanced technology but still the main processing function of the computer is controlled by the processor.
  6. The new function of audio processing which helps in producing clear audio is stored in a sound card of the microprocessor which was previously not available in the processor.
  7. Due to the addition of different processors on a microprocessor, its speed is slower than the processor.
  8. CPUs/processors can be microprocessor but all microprocessors are not CPU.
  9. CPU is the main part of the computer while the microprocessor is a simple chip on the motherboard.
  10. CPU contains Random Access Memory, Read Only Memory plus additional peripherals on a single chip.
  11. Where as Microprocessor use an external bridge to form a connection to RAM, ROM, and other important peripherals.