XML vs. HTML

The difference between XML and HTML is that XML is extensible markup language that provides a framework for markup language whereas HTML is a hypertext markup language.

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XML vs. HTML

There are many programming languages, and some languages are a markup language, the examples for markup languages are XML and HTML.  XML and HTML both are markup languages, but both are different from each other in the way they are made and there purpose. XML is extensible markup language that provides a framework for markup language whereas HTML is a hypertext markup language. XML provides provisions for defining new elements whereas HTML does not provide provisions for defining new elements. XML is used to make markup language on the other hand HTML itself a markup language. XML is extensible markup language that enables to define any representation of data. In XML values are assigned in each field in the structure. IBM was first known as GML that is generalized markup language in 1960. After ISO take GML it was named as SGML that is standard generalizes markup language. XML provides a platform that can be used to create any markup language. Fundamental unit in XML is known as an element. You must know the set of rules if you need to use XML to make any markup language.  You need to write code in proper syntax, and there should be no grammar mistakes. There are two parts of XML document that is prolog and body.

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HTML is hypertext markup language, HTML is a markup language that is used to make web pages. The browser read the document with HTML markup, and it creates the web page. HTML document is basically the text file. This text file has the information that needs to be published. The instruction in HTML are embedded instructions that are known as elements, and these elements contain tags and these tags have pairs that are known as the beginning and ending tag.

Comparison Chart

Basis XML HTML
Meaning XML is extensible markup language that provides a framework for markup language HTML is a hypertext markup language.1
Structural information XML contain structural information HTML do not contain any structural information
Case sensitive XML is very case sensitive HTML is not case sensitive
Closing tab Closing tabs must be used in XML There is no need for the closing tab in HTML
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What is XML?

XML is extensible markup language that provides a framework for markup language whereas HTML is a hypertext markup language. XML provides provisions for defining new elements whereas HTML does not provide provisions for defining new elements. XML is used to make markup language on the other hand HTML itself a markup language. XML is extensible markup language that enables to define any representation of data. In XML values are assigned in each field in the structure. IBM was first known as GML that is generalized markup language in 1960. After ISO take GML it was named as SGML that is standard generalizes markup language. XML provides the platform that can be used to create any markup language. Fundamental unit in XML is known as an element. You must know the set of rules if you need to use XML to make any markup language.  You need to write code in proper syntax, and there should be no grammar mistakes. There are two parts of XML document that is prolog and body.

What is HTML?

HTML is hypertext markup language, HTML is a markup language that is used to make web pages. The browser read the document with HTML markup, and it creates the web page. HTML document is basically the text file. This text file has the information that needs to be published. The instruction in HTML are embedded instructions that are known as elements, and these elements contain tags and these tags have pairs that are known as the beginning and ending tag.

Key Differences between XML and HTML

  1. XML is extensible markup language that provide a framework for markup language whereas HTML is a hypertext markup language.
  2. XML contains structural information whereas HTML does not contain any structural information.
  3. XML is very case sensitive whereas HTML is not case sensitive.
  4. Closing tabs must be used in XML whereas There is no need for the closing tab in HTML

Conclusion

In this article above we see the clear difference between XML and HTML with examples.

Explanatory Video

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