What Is The Difference Between Christians And Catholics


There is an age-old question that people often ask when they are trying to determine the difference between Christians and Catholics. While it is easy to assume that they are one and the same, there are several differences that set these two religions apart. These two religions share a lot of similarities, but they differ in their beliefs, sacraments, practices, and leadership structures. In this article, we will explore the differences between Christians and Catholics and how it affects their faith.

The Origins of Christianity and Catholicism

Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on Jesus Christ’s teachings, life, death, and resurrection. It emerged in the 1st century AD in Judah and became the official religion of the Roman Empire in the 4th century AD. It has since spread all over the world, becoming the most widely practiced religion.

Catholicism, on the other hand, is one of the branches of Christianity that has its origins in the Roman Catholic Church. It emerged in the early 2nd century AD and became the dominant religion in the Roman Empire. It has since grown into one of the largest religions in the world, with over 1.2 billion followers.

Differences in Beliefs

The primary difference between Christians and Catholics is their belief system. While both religions believe in the same God, they differ in their interpretations and beliefs. Here are some of the main differences between the two religions:

1. The Bible: Christians believe that the Bible is the only source of truth and is the direct word of God. Catholics, on the other hand, believe that the Bible is the inspired word of God, but use tradition and the teachings of the Church to interpret the Bible.

2. The Sacraments: Christians only follow two sacraments, namely baptism and communion, while Catholics follow seven sacraments, including baptism, communion, confirmation, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders and matrimony.

3. The Pope: Catholics believe that the Pope is the head of the Church and that he has divine authority over the Church’s teachings and practices. Christians, however, believe that Christ is the head of the Church and that there is no human authority that takes precedence over Christ’s authority.

4. The Virgin Mary: Catholics hold the Virgin Mary in high regard and believe in the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, which states that Mary was born without original sin. Christians, on the other hand, do not hold the Virgin Mary in the same regard as Catholics do.

5. Purgatory: Catholics believe in the existence of Purgatory, a place where souls go to be purged of their sins before they can enter into heaven. Christians, however, do not believe in the existence of Purgatory.

6. Saints: Catholics believe in the veneration of Saints and that they act as intercessors between God and humanity. Christians, however, do not believe in praying to Saints for intercession.

Differences in Practices

Apart from differences in beliefs, Christians and Catholics differ in their practices. Here are some of the main differences:

1. Worship Services: Christians gather for worship services on Sunday, while Catholics gather for Mass. Catholics follow a more structured liturgy than Christians.

2. Communion: Catholics believe in transubstantiation, which is the belief that the bread and wine used during Communion becomes the actual body and blood of Christ. Christians, on the other hand, believe that the bread and wine are symbols of Christ’s body and blood.

3. Confession: Catholics practice the sacrament of confession, where they confess their sins to a priest. Christians do not practice this sacrament.

4. Lent and Advent: Catholics observe the seasons of Lent and Advent as periods of fasting and penance. Christians may observe these seasons, but they do not practice fasting and penance to the same extent as Catholics do.

Differences in Leadership

Another difference between Christians and Catholics is their leadership structure. Here are some of the main differences:

1. The Pope: As mentioned earlier, Catholics believe in the infallibility of the Pope, who they believe is the direct successor of Saint Peter, Christ’s apostle. Christians do not have a leader who holds the same authority as the Pope.

2. Priests: While both religions have priests, their roles and responsibilities differ. Catholic priests have the authority to absolve sins and perform sacraments, while Christian pastors do not have this authority.

FAQs about the Differences Between Christians and Catholics

1. Can a Christian become a Catholic?

Yes, a Christian can become a Catholic. This requires the Christian to go through the process of catechism and take the necessary sacraments to become a Catholic.

2. Can a Catholic become a Christian?

Yes, a Catholic can become a Christian. This usually involves the Catholic leaving the Catholic Church and joining a Protestant Church.

3. Is Catholicism more traditional than Christianity?

Yes, Catholicism is more traditional than Christianity. The Catholic Church follows a more structured liturgy and has a more formal way of practicing their faith.

4. Who is right, Christians or Catholics?

Both religions have their own beliefs and practices that they follow. It is not a matter of who is right or wrong, but about what they choose to believe and how they choose to practice their faith.


While there are differences between Christians and Catholics, they both follow the same God and strive to live their lives in His image. While these differences may cause some confusion or conflict between the two religions, it is essential to remember that they both share significant similarities in their belief system, practices, and leadership. Understanding these differences can help us appreciate the diversity that exists within Christianity and foster greater understanding and acceptance of one another.