What Is A Queen Crab

What Is A Queen Crab: A Comprehensive Guide

Crab is a popular seafood delicacy enjoyed all over the world, and amongst the different types of crabs available, Queen Crab stands out. Known for their succulent meat and distinct flavor, Queen Crab is a versatile food that can be used in a variety of dishes. But what is a Queen Crab, and how do they differ from other types of crabs?

In this article, we’ll explore what a Queen Crab is, where they are found, how they are harvested, and how they compare to other types of crabs on the market.

What Is A Queen Crab?

The Queen Crab, also known as the Lithodes aequispinus, is a member of the Lithodidae family. They are found in North Pacific waters, particularly in the Bering Sea, Alaska, and the Gulf of Alaska. Queen Crabs are one of the largest and most sought-after crabs in Alaska, and they are known for their delicious, lean meat.

Queen Crabs have a hard, dark brown carapace or shell, and they can weigh up to 17 pounds. They have long, spiny legs that are covered in sharp spikes and can span up to six feet when fully extended. Despite their intimidating appearance, Queen Crabs are docile creatures that do not pose a threat to humans.

Where Are Queen Crabs Found?

Queen Crabs are primarily found in North Pacific waters, particularly in the Bering Sea, Alaska, and the Gulf of Alaska. They are typically found in waters that are over 900 feet deep, and they prefer cold water temperatures. Because of their habitat, it can be challenging to harvest Queen Crabs, as the harvesting process often takes place in harsh weather conditions.

How Are Queen Crabs Harvested?

The harvesting of Queen Crabs is a challenging and risky process. The commercial fishing process typically starts in early fall and ends in late spring, with the peak harvesting season between January and March. Commercial fishing boats use large crab pots that are filled with bait, and the pots are lowered to the sea floor to attract the crabs.

The pots are retrieved with the help of a hydraulic system that lifts them onto the deck of the fishing boat. Once the pots are on board, the Queen Crabs are sorted, and the undersized and female crabs are thrown back into the sea to ensure the sustainability of the species.

How Do Queen Crabs Compare to Other Types of Crabs?

Queen Crabs are significantly larger than most other types of crabs, making them more challenging to catch and harvest. They are known for their lean meat and distinct flavor, which sets them apart from other types of crabs such as the Dungeness Crab or the Snow Crab.

Queen Crab meat is low in fat and calories, making it a healthier option than some other types of seafood. It is also very versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes ranging from soups to salads to crab cakes.


Q: Is Queen Crab meat expensive?

A: Yes, Queen Crab meat can be expensive due to the difficulty of harvesting and transporting them. The cost can vary depending on the supply and demand, but it is generally more expensive than other types of crab meat.

Q: How can I cook Queen Crab?

A: Queen Crab meat can be cooked in a variety of ways, including boiling, steaming, baking, and grilling. It is essential to follow proper cooking times and methods to ensure the crab meat is fully cooked and safe to eat.

Q: Can I find Queen Crab in my local seafood market?

A: Queen Crab is not as widely available as other types of crabs, but it can be found in some local seafood markets or specialty stores. It is more commonly available online or through specialty seafood vendors.

Q: Is Queen Crab eco-friendly?

A: Queen Crab harvesting is regulated by several organizations, including the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, to ensure the sustainability of the species. It is a healthy and eco-friendly option when consumed in moderation.


Queen Crab is a unique and delicious seafood delicacy that is highly prized by seafood enthusiasts. Known for its succulent meat and distinct flavor, it is a versatile food that can be used in a variety of dishes. While it may be more expensive and harder to find than other types of crab meat, its lean meat, and eco-friendliness make it a worthy addition to any seafood lover’s menu.