Thee Or Thou

The English language has undergone significant transformations over the centuries. One of the most notable changes is the use of the words ‘thee’ and ‘thou’. These words were once commonly used, but they are now seldom heard in everyday conversation. In this article, we will be exploring the history of thee and thou, their uses, and how they are relevant in modern times.

The History of Thee and Thou

Thee and thou were originally part of the Old English language that was spoken in England from around the 5th century. The language was heavily influenced by Germanic and Norse languages, and it was vastly different from Modern English. Back then, thee and thou were the singular second-person pronouns, while ‘ye’ and ‘you’ were the plural second-person pronouns.

As the English language evolved, thee and thou slowly began to disappear from use. In the 17th century, they were primarily used by the upper class as a sign of formality and respect, while ye and you were used for informal settings. Eventually, ye and you replaced thee and thou, and they have remained as the standard second-person pronouns ever since.

What Does Thee and Thou Mean?

Thee and thou were used as the singular second-person pronouns, just like the modern-day ‘you’. Thee was used as the object pronoun (as in “I see thee”) while thou was used as the subject pronoun (as in “thou seest me”).

Using thee and thou was a way of showing familiarity, affection, or disrespect towards the person being addressed. In some cases, it was also used to show superiority or inferiority. For instance, a teacher might ask a student a question using thou as a way of asserting their authority over the student.

In modern times, thee and thou are seldom used except in certain religious contexts. For example, the Quakers use thee and thou as a way of showing respect and equality towards others. In Shakespearean English, thee and thou were frequently used to convey emotion and tone. However, in contemporary English, they tend to be seen as archaic and are not used often in everyday conversation.

Relevance of Thee and Thou in Modern Times

While thee and thou are no longer used much in conversation, they are sometimes used in literature, poetry, music, and even sometimes in movies or TV shows set in historical periods. This is because thee and thou can give a different tone to a piece of writing, making it seem more formal, archaic, or poetic. In modern speech and text, there is simply no need to use these archaic pronouns anymore.

The use of thee and thou is also very important in biblical studies. Many modern translations of the Bible have translated all the pronouns as ‘you’. But, in the original Greek and Hebrew texts, there is a distinction between singular and plural second-person pronouns. Knowing the distinction between thee, thou, ye and you can help understand the original intent of the author.

How to Use Thee and Thou

If you want to start using thee and thou, there are some general rules to follow. The following examples will help you understand how to use thee and thou properly:

– When addressing someone of superior status or rank, use thou instead of you.
– When speaking to a friend, peer, or someone of a lower social status than yourself, use thee instead of you.
– Use thee as the object pronoun (e.g., “I see thee”) and thou as the subject pronoun (e.g., “thou seest me”).


The way we communicate has evolved significantly over time, and the use of thee and thou is a perfect example of how language has changed. These archaic pronouns may no longer be used in everyday conversation, but they still have relevance in literature, religious texts, and some formal settings. Understanding the history of thee and thou, their usage, and how to use them properly can help broaden your understanding of the English language and its progression over the centuries.