Spear Lance

Spear and lance are two of the most primitive weapons used by humans for centuries. Even in the modern era, both these weapons continue to have significant historical and cultural relevance. Although these two weapons are often used interchangeably, there are still some differences between them that set them apart.


A spear is a long pole weapon that features a sharp pointed end. It consists of four main parts: the shaft, the butt, the head, and the point. The shaft is the long part of the spear, which is typically made of wood, bamboo, or resin. The butt is the thick end of the shaft that helps to balance the weapon. The head is the part of the spear found at the top of the shaft, and it can come in various shapes and sizes, ranging from a simple spike to a multi-pronged design. The point is the sharp end of the spearhead that enables it to pierce through armor or inflict damage.

Spear has been used for various purposes throughout history. It was primarily used as a hunting weapon, a tool for fishing, and as an instrument of war. The ancient Greek phalanx formation, for instance, relied heavily on long spears for offense and defense. Spears were also used in medieval times when knights on horseback engaged the enemy with weapons like the jousting spear.


The lance, on the other hand, is a more specialized weapon than the spear. It features a longer and narrower blade that is designed for a specific purpose. The lance’s blade can range from 9 to 14 feet long, and it is always made of metal. Lances are used for jousting or mounted combat.

Lances are designed to be used while mounted on a horse, and they require a significant amount of skill to handle. The lance’s length helps the rider to keep a safe distance from the enemy while imparting immense force on impact. The point of the lance is always blunted to avoid causing fatal injuries or death.


Although both the spear and the lance are pole weapons, there are significant differences between them. Here are some of the notable differences that set them apart:

1. Purpose – While the spear is a versatile weapon that can be used for hunting, fishing, or combat, the lance is primarily used for jousting or mounted combat.

2. Blade Size – The blade of a spear can vary in size and shape, but it is typically shorter and wider than the blade of a lance.

3. Length – A spear is generally shorter than a lance, and its length can vary based on the purpose it is intended for. A jousting lance, however, is always longer than a spear.

4. Material – Spears can be made of various materials, such as wood or bamboo, while lances are always made of metal.

5. Point – While both the spear and the lance have pointed ends, the lance’s point is always blunted to avoid fatalities in jousting matches.


1. Are spears still used in modern warfare?

Spears are no longer used in modern warfare, but they are still used in ceremonial or martial arts contexts.

2. Does a spear require any special training to use?

While a spear is a relatively simple weapon to use, it still requires some training to wield correctly.

3. How long is a typical lance?

A typical jousting lance is between 9 to 14 feet long.

4. Why is a lance tipped bluntly?

The lance’s point is tipped bluntly to avoid causing fatal injuries or death in jousting matches.


Spear and lance are two of the oldest and most popular pole weapons still in use today. Although they are similar in many ways, they differ in terms of design, purpose, and the materials used to create them. Spears are versatile weapons that can be used for hunting, fishing, or combat, while lances are more specialized weapons used for jousting and mounted combat. Despite their differences, both of these weapons continue to play an essential role in history, culture, and modern interpretations of ancient warfare.