Roman Catholic Vs Christian

Roman Catholic vs Christian: What are the Differences?

Religion is considered to be one of the most sensitive and personal aspects of human life. Among the most popular religions worldwide are Christianity and Catholicism. Despite their seemingly similar roots and beliefs, these two religions have significant differences that set them apart from each other.

In this article, we will explore the differences between Roman Catholicism and Christianity, and how they influence the beliefs, practices, and traditions of their respective followers.

Origins and Histories:

Christianity is a religion that dates back to the 1st century AD, and it is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Its teachings emphasize the divine nature of God and the humanity of Jesus Christ, as well as redemption through faith in Christ.

On the other hand, Roman Catholicism is a branch of Christianity that originated in the 1st century AD, and it has its roots in the Roman Empire. The Roman Catholic Church was established in the 4th century AD by the Roman Emperor Constantine, and it has since grown into one of the largest religious organizations in the world.


The beliefs of Christianity and Roman Catholicism are quite similar, but there are some significant differences between them.

Christians believe in one God, who is three persons in one, known as the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). They believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and that he was born of a virgin, died on the cross for the sins of mankind, and rose from the dead on the third day.

Roman Catholics also believe in one God, who is the Holy Trinity. However, they believe that Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, was a virgin and that she is the mother of God. They also believe in praying to Mary and the saints, who they believe to be intercessors between God and humanity.


Christians and Roman Catholics both have rituals and ceremonies, but they differ in the number and nature of their sacraments.

Christianity recognizes two sacraments: Baptism and the Lord’s Supper. Baptism is believed to be the initiatory sacrament that cleanses individuals of original sin and welcoming people into the Christian family. On the other hand, the Lord’s Supper, also known as Communion, is a memorial that commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus Christ with his disciples before his death on the cross.

In contrast, Roman Catholicism recognizes seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony. The sacraments are seen as a means of grace and help to build a closer relationship with God. The Eucharist, also known as the Holy Communion or Mass, is considered the most important of all the sacraments as it represents the real presence of the body and blood of Jesus Christ.

Worship Services:

The worship services of Christianity and Roman Catholicism are governed by different practices.

Christian worship services are typically characterized by a more relaxed and less formal atmosphere. Hymns are sung, and the Bible is read aloud, often followed by a sermon.

In comparison, Roman Catholic worship services are much more formal and structured. The service is centered around the Eucharist or Holy Communion, and there is an emphasis on rituals such as kneeling, standing, and making the sign of the cross. Mass is conducted in Latin, and priests are often dressed in elaborate robes and vestments.


Leadership in Christianity and Roman Catholicism is another significant point of difference.

The leaders in Christianity are often referred to as pastors or ministers, and they offer guidance and support to their congregations. They can be male or female and do not have to be celibate.

In contrast, Roman Catholicism is led by the Pope, who is considered the highest authority in the Church. He is seen as the Vicar of Christ on earth and is not only the leader of the Church but also its head. Other leaders in the Catholic Church include bishops, priests, and nuns, who are celibate and devote their lives to religious service.


In conclusion, the differences between Roman Catholicism and Christianity are significant and varied. Despite their shared roots, the two religions have developed distinct practices, beliefs, and traditions over time.

Both religions offer a way to connect with God and a path to salvation. Their followers are united by their faith and devotion to God, but the differences between them make each religion unique and special in its own way.

As we continue to explore our beliefs and spirituality, it is essential to appreciate the differences among religions as they offer a greater understanding of our fellow humans’ values and practices.