Preposition And Conjunction

Prepositions and conjunctions are two of the most important parts of the English language. They hold a crucial role in how we speak and write. Both have different functions and uses. In this article, we will delve into the world of prepositions and conjunctions, and help you understand their meanings and how they are used.


A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and other words in a sentence. A preposition is always followed by an object, which is usually a noun or a pronoun. A preposition can be a single word or a group of words. Some common prepositions include, but not limited to, “in”, “on”, “at”, “by”, “with”, and “through”.

Prepositions are used to indicate the position, direction, time, or manner. For example, let’s look at the sentence, “The book is on the table”. Here, “on” is the preposition, “table” is the object, and “book” is the subject. The preposition “on” indicates the position of the book in relation to the table.

Prepositions are also used to show the relationship between two nouns or pronouns. For example, in the sentence “The car of John is red”, “of” is the preposition and “John” is the object. Prepositions can also be used to show time. For example, in the sentence “I will see you at 7 pm”, “at” is the preposition.


A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, or clauses. Conjunctions are used to join two or more words, phrases or clauses in a sentence. Conjunctions can be divided into three categories – coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions, and correlative conjunctions.

Coordinating conjunctions join two independent clauses that are equally important in meaning. They include the words “and”, “but”, “or”, “nor”, “yet”, and “so”. For example, in the sentence “I love ice cream, but I am lactose intolerant”, “but” is the coordinating conjunction that connects the two independent clauses.

Subordinating conjunctions join an independent clause with a dependent clause. The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. Some common subordinating conjunctions include “because”, “although”, “after”, “while”, “since”, “if”, “when”, and “before”. For example, in the sentence, “Because it was raining, I decided to stay indoors”, “because” is the subordinating conjunction.

Correlative conjunctions are a pair of conjunctions that are used together to join words, phrases, or clauses. They include the pairs “either…or”, “both…and”, “neither…nor”, “not only…but also”, and “whether…or”. For example, in the sentence, “Not only was she smart, but she was also kind”, “not only” and “but also” are the correlative conjunctions.


In conclusion, prepositions and conjunctions are essential parts of the English language. Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence while conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses. Learning how to use prepositions and conjunctions correctly can help you speak and write more effectively. Remember to use these grammar rules correctly so that your communication will be clear and precise.