Logical Processor


A logical processor is a virtual processor that is created by the operating system to manage and share the processing resources of a physical processor. In simple terms, it is a way to increase the processing power of your computer by exploiting unused resources of the CPU.

In this article, we will explore the concept of logical processors in detail, their uses and advantages, and how they can help in enhancing the performance of your computer.

What is a Logical Processor?

A logical processor is a unit of a multi-threaded CPU that can tackle a specific task or instruction. The operating system isolates the processing resources of a physical CPU into virtual units known as logical processors to better serve the workload. Each logical processor enables scheduling and execution of a different instruction stream.

The idea is to utilize the underused resources of the CPU to improve its productivity. Logical processors are ideal for multi-threaded applications that require the processing power of a single processor to be shared among multiple threads. They are designed to reduce the amount of time spent waiting for the CPU to complete a computation.

When a computer program requests for a logical processor, the operating system allocates resources from the physical CPU to support the virtual execution unit. It means that multiple programs can run simultaneously without interfering with the processing capabilities of each other.

Uses of Logical Processors

Logical processors are used widely in various industries and applications because they offer several advantages. Below are some of the common uses of logical processors:

1. Server applications: Logical processors are extensively used in server applications that require the distribution of the processing resources amongst multiple threads and applications.

2. Multi-tasking: Logical processors enable the users to multitask more effectively. By spreading the workload across multiple threads, logical processors reduce the time lag and improve the system’s responsiveness.

3. Gaming and other applications: Gaming and other applications like video editing can utilize the CPU’s processing resources by creating multiple threads with various logical processors allocated to each thread.

Advantages of Logical Processors

1. Efficient resource management: Utilizing the underused resources of the CPU, logical processors make resource management more efficient, leading to better performance and productivity.

2. Multitasking: Logical processors improve the system’s ability to multitask and handle several applications simultaneously without compromising on performance.

3. Cost-effective: Logical processors can be deployed inexpensively as no additional hardware is required. It only needs software optimization to exploit the resources of the CPU.

4. Improves responsiveness: By reducing the waiting time for computation, logical processors can improve the system’s responsiveness.

How to Optimize Logical Processors

Optimizing logical processors can significantly improve the performance of your computer. Below are some ways to optimize logical processors:

1. Assign cores to high-performance applications: Assign the logical processors to high-performance applications like gaming or video editing to optimize processing resources.

2. Use Hyper-Threading Technology: Hyper-Threading Technology enables the operating system to create more virtual cores to optimize the workload.

3. Overclocking: Overclocking your CPU can increase its processing power by enabling it to run at higher clock speeds.

4. Use Resource Manager: Use the Resource Manager to check which applications are consuming the most resources and optimize their use of logical processors.


Logical processors are an excellent way to optimize the processing power of your computer. By utilizing unused resources of the CPU, they improve the system’s performance and productivity. Logical processors are extensively used in various industries and applications that require multitasking and resource management.

By optimizing logical processors, you can further enhance the performance of your computer. Assigning cores to high-performance applications, using hyper-threading technology, overclocking, and using the Resource Manager can help optimize your system’s logical processors.