Lechuza Tecolote

Lechuza Tecolote: The Mysterious Owl Species of Mexico

Lechuza Tecolote, scientifically known as Megascops trichopsis is a mysterious and intriguing species of owl found in Mexico. The name “Lechuza” means “owl” in Spanish, while “Tecolote” refers to a species of owl that is smaller in size.

The Lechuza Tecolote is a small owl with a length of about 16.5 – 18 cm and a wingspan of approximately 39 – 44 cm. It has a brownish-grey color on its upperparts, with large brown spots on its back and wings. The underpart of the owl is whitish with brown streaks. It has prominent ear tufts that give it a fierce and ominous appearance.

The Lechuza Tecolote has a unique vocalization, consisting of a series of hoots, whistles, and trills. Its distinctive call is often used in Mexican folklore as a sign of impending danger or death. This has led to the owl being regarded as a symbolic or mystical creature in Mexican folklore and culture.

Geographical Distribution

The Lechuza Tecolote is endemic to Mexico, where it is found in the temperate forests, pine-oak forests, and mountainous regions of the country. It is also found in the coastal areas of western Mexico. The species is found at elevations of 1400 – 2000 meters.


The Lechuza Tecolote feeds primarily on insects, spiders, and other invertebrates. The owl also preys on small mammals, including rodents, bats, and shrews. Occasionally, it feeds on small reptiles and amphibians.

Breeding and Reproduction

The breeding season for the Lechuza Tecolote occurs between March and July, with the peak period being in April and May. During this period, the male owl will begin to make repeated whistling calls to attract a mate. Once a mate is found, the pair will engage in courtship rituals, which can include mutual preening and grooming. Once the pair is bonded, they will then begin to build a nest.

The Lechuza Tecolote nest is usually located in a tree cavity, rock crevice, or sometimes in abandoned buildings. The female owl will lay 2 – 3 eggs, which she will incubate for approximately 27 – 28 days. Once the chicks have hatched, they are fed primarily by the female owl. The fledgling period is around 25 – 30 days, and during this period, the young owls learn to fly and hunt.

Conservation Status

The Lechuza Tecolote is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The population of the owl is believed to be stable, although it is difficult to determine the specific population size due to the owl’s secretive nature. Habitat destruction due to deforestation and urbanization, along with hunting and persecution by humans, pose a potential threat to the species.

In addition, the Lechuza Tecolote is often associated with superstitions and myths in Mexican culture. It is believed to be a harbinger of death or bad luck, and as a result, the owl is sometimes killed or hunted. This has led to conservation groups in Mexico working to reduce the negative beliefs associated with the owl and promote its conservation.


The Lechuza Tecolote is a fascinating species of owl that has captured the imaginations of people in Mexico for centuries. Its unique vocalization, appearance, and behaviors have led to it being regarded as a mystical or symbolic creature in Mexican folklore and culture. While the species faces potential threats related to habitat destruction and persecution by humans, efforts are being made to promote its conservation and reduce negative beliefs associated with the owl. As a symbol of the natural diversity and cultural heritage of Mexico, the Lechuza Tecolote serves as a reminder of the importance of protecting and preserving our planet’s biodiversity.

Keywords: Lechuza Tecolote, Megascops trichopsis, Mexican folklore, vocalization, diet, breeding, conservation status, habitat destruction, superstitions.