Lavatory vs Water Closet: A Comprehensive Comparison
A bathroom is an essential part of any home or building. It is the place where we freshen up, take a shower, or use the restroom. The two most important fixtures in a bathroom are the lavatory and the water closet. These fixtures have different functions, and their design and use vary. If you are planning to remodel your bathroom or choose the right fixtures for your home, it is essential to understand the difference between a lavatory and a water closet.
What is a Lavatory?
Lavatory, also known as a sink, washbasin, or hand basin, is a fixture that is used to wash hands, face, or other body parts. It is usually installed in a bathroom, but it can also be found in a kitchen or laundry room. Lavatories come in different designs, styles, and materials, such as porcelain, ceramic, stainless steel, glass, and stone. They can be wall-mounted, pedestal, or countertop models.
Lavatories usually have a faucet, which can be single-handle, double-handle or touchless, and a drain that leads to a waste pipe. Some lavatories also come with a soap dispenser, towel ring or bar, and storage space under the sink. Lavatories can be used for a variety of purposes, such as washing hands, brushing teeth, shaving, and applying makeup. They are an essential fixture in any bathroom and come in different sizes and shapes to accommodate different needs and preferences.
What is a Water Closet?
A water closet, also known as a toilet or commode, is a fixture that is used for urination and defecation. It consists of a bowl, a seat, a flush tank, and a flush valve. Water closets come in different designs and styles, such as one-piece, two-piece, wall-mounted, and back-to-wall models. They also come in different sizes and heights to accommodate different users and preferences.
Water closets are usually connected to a waste pipe, which leads to a sewer or septic tank. They use water and gravity or pressure to flush waste down the drain and into the waste pipe. Some water closets come with additional features, such as bidet functions, heated seats, self-cleaning systems, and water-saving devices. Water closets are an essential fixture in any bathroom and play a vital role in maintaining hygiene and sanitation.
Lavatory vs Water Closet: Key Differences
While both lavatories and water closets are essential fixtures in a bathroom, they have some key differences in terms of design, use, and function. The following are some of the main differences between lavatories and water closets:
The primary function of a lavatory is to wash hands, face, or other body parts, while the primary function of a water closet is to urinate and defecate.
Lavatories come in different designs, such as pedestal, wall-mounted or countertop, and can be made of different materials, such as porcelain, ceramic, glass, and stone. Water closets also come in different designs, such as one-piece, two-piece, and wall-mounted, but are usually made of porcelain or ceramic.
Lavatories come in different sizes and shapes to accommodate different needs, preferences, and space constraints. They can be small or large, deep or shallow, round or rectangular. Water closets also come in different sizes and heights to accommodate different users and preferences, but are usually larger and taller than lavatories.
Lavatories can be installed on a countertop, wall, or pedestal, depending on the design and style. They require a water supply and a waste pipe. Water closets are usually installed on the floor and require a water supply, a waste pipe, and a flange to secure them to the floor.
Lavatories require regular cleaning and maintenance to keep them free of dirt, stains, and odors. They may also require occasional repairs, such as replacing the faucet, drain or pipes. Water closets require regular cleaning and maintenance to prevent clogs, leaks, and odors. They may also require occasional repairs, such as replacing the flush valve or flapper.
1. Can a lavatory be used as a water closet?
No, a lavatory is not designed or intended for urination or defecation. It does not have the necessary features, such as a bowl, seat, or flushing mechanism, to function as a water closet.
2. Can a water closet be used as a bidet?
Some water closets come with a bidet function or attachment that allows users to clean themselves with water after using the toilet. However, not all water closets have this feature, and users may have to purchase a separate bidet attachment or fixture.
3. How much space do I need for a lavatory or a water closet?
The amount of space required for a lavatory or water closet depends on the design, style, and size of the fixture. Generally, a lavatory requires a minimum of 30 inches of space, while a water closet requires a minimum of 30 inches by 48 inches of floor space.
Lavatories and water closets are essential fixtures in any bathroom, and they serve different functions and purposes. While lavatories are used for washing hands, face, or other body parts, water closets are used for urination and defecation. Both fixtures come in different designs, styles, and materials, and require proper installation and maintenance. When choosing the right fixtures for your bathroom, it is essential to consider your needs, preferences, and space constraints.