Kendo Vs Fencing

Kendo vs Fencing: A Comparison

Kendo and fencing are two martial arts that involve the use of swordplay, tactics, and strategy. They are both practiced worldwide as competitive sports and recreational activities. Despite similarities, they each have unique characteristics that make them distinct from each other. In this article, we will explore the differences and similarities between Kendo and fencing.


Kendo, also known as “The Way of the Sword,” is a traditional Japanese martial art that involves the use of bamboo swords, known as shinai and protective gear such as bogu. Kendo is grounded in the principles of bushido, which emphasize self-discipline, humility, and respect for opponents. It also involves a deeply meditative aspect, and practitioners strive to achieve a state of mind known as mushin or “no-mind.”

Kendo matches take place in a marked-off area called a dojo, where two opponents face off against each other. The objective is to score points by striking the opponent with the tip of the shinai to designated areas that are covered with protective gear, such as the head, torso, arms, and legs. The first person to reach a predetermined number of points is declared the winner.


Fencing, on the other hand, is a European martial art that originated from dueling traditions. Fencing also involves the use of swords, known as foils, epees, and sabers. Fencing matches take place on a strip, or piste, that is marked off and measures 14 meters long and 1.5 to 2 meters wide.

The objective in fencing is to score points by striking the opponent with the tip of the sword to designated areas, known as the target. The target in fencing varies according to the weapon being used. For foil, you can only score points by striking the torso, and for sabre, you can score by striking any part of the upper body.

Comparing Kendo and Fencing

While both Kendo and fencing are martial arts that involve swordplay, there are significant differences between the two. These include the weapons used, the rules, and the values that underlie each martial art.


In Kendo, practitioners use bamboo swords, and in fencing, they use steel swords. The difference between these two types of swords is significant. Bamboo swords are much lighter than steel swords and are designed to be used in sparring sessions without causing significant injury. The emphasis in Kendo is thus on speed, accuracy, and strategy. Fencing swords, on the other hand, are heavier and designed to be used in duels that could result in injury or death. The emphasis in fencing is on technique, control, and maneuverability.


Kendo and fencing have different rules governing the conduct of matches. In Kendo, matches are governed by strict etiquette, and breaking these rules can result in disqualification. The values of bushido, self-discipline, respect, and honor are emphasized throughout the competition. In fencing, the rules are less formal, and the emphasis is on technical ability and tactics. Matches progress at a brisk pace, and the emphasis is on scoring points.


Finally, the values that underlie Kendo and fencing are different. In Kendo, the emphasis is on self-discipline, humility, and respect for one’s opponent. These values are grounded in the principles of bushido, which emphasizes virtues such as courage, loyalty, and sincerity. In fencing, the emphasis is on strategy, technique, and sportsmanship. While sportsmanship is also important in Kendo, the focus is somewhat different.

Fencing vs Kendo: Which is Right for You?

Choosing between Kendo and fencing is a matter of personal preference. Both martial arts are challenging, and practitioners derive immense benefits from studying and practicing them.

If you value self-discipline, respect for opponents, and meditation, Kendo may be the martial art for you. Kendo is also an excellent cardiovascular workout and can help improve your balance, coordination, and focus.

On the other hand, if you value technical ability, quick thinking, and sportsmanship, fencing may be the better option. Fencing requires a lot of strategic thinking and quick reflexes and can help improve your coordination, endurance, and mental acuity.


1. Which martial art is safer, Kendo or fencing?

Both Kendo and fencing are relatively safe martial arts, as practitioners use protective gear to reduce the risk of injury. However, fencing has a higher risk of injury due to the heavier swords used.

2. Can women participate in Kendo and fencing?

Yes, both Kendo and fencing are open to men and women of all ages and abilities.

3. How long does it take to master Kendo and fencing?

Mastery of Kendo and fencing is a lifelong process that requires dedication, discipline, and practice. However, with regular practice, it is possible to reach a high level of proficiency in several years.


In conclusion, Kendo and fencing are two martial arts that share similarities while also having significant differences. Each martial art has its own set of values, its own set of rules, and its own unique challenges. Ultimately, choosing between Kendo and fencing is a matter of personal preference and the values that you hold dear. Whichever martial art you choose, practicing it can help improve your physical fitness, mental acuity, and overall wellbeing.