Medicinal cannabis can be used to treat a wide variety of common conditions. Normally, medicinal cannabis leads to the user having a feeling of greater physical and psychological relaxation, pain reduction, improved appetite, and better sleep. But, there are two chief kinds of medicinal cannabis plants, and each provides a different set of advantages. Knowing the difference between the two is important to finding the ideal strain for each individual.
The two significant kinds of cannabis plants are Indica and Sativa. Each breed has it’s own assortment of effects on the human body and mind leading to a wide selection of medicinal benefits. Indica strains generally offer a feeling of deep body relaxation. Sativa strains tend to supply a more pleasing experience.
Here is how to find the right plant for your needs, breeds to Consider, possible side effects, and much more.
What should you look for to understand Strain effects?
The often-applied Guideline is that sativas are more Invigorating and pleasant, while indicas are more relaxing and relaxing — but it is not really that easy.
Individual plants produce varying effects, even among the same type of cannabis. Everything depends on the plant’s chemical makeup and the expanding technique used.
Rather than looking at the type Alone — Sativa or Indica — look at the description that the grower and dispensary provide.
Oftentimes, the plant types are broken down into specific Breeds, or breeds.
Strains are distinguished by their respective cannabinoid and terpene content. These chemicals are what determine the strain’s overall consequences.
Cannabis plants feature dozens of chemical compounds known as cannabinoids.
These naturally occurring components are responsible for Producing lots of the consequences — both positive and negative — of cannabis use.
Researchers still Don’t know what all the cannabinoids do, but they’ve Identified two chief ones — tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) — as well as many less common compounds.
- THC: THC is the major psychoactive compound in cannabis plants. It is responsible for the”high” or condition of the euphoria associated with cannabis use. Levels of THC have been growing as growers attempt to make hybrids with a larger concentration of the chemical.
- CBD: CBD is non-psychoactive. It will not cause a”high.” However, it may create many physical benefits, such as reducing nausea and pain, preventing seizures, and relieving migraines.
- CBN: Cannabinol (CBN) is used to alleviate symptoms and side effects of neurological conditions, such as epilepsy, seizures, and uncontrollable muscle stiffness.
- THCA: Tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA) is very similar to THC, but it does not result in any psychoactive effects. Its potential benefits include reducing inflammation in arthritis and autoimmune disorders. It may also help reduce symptoms of neurological ailments like Parkinson’s disease and ALS.
- CBG: Cannabigerol (CBG) is believed to help lower stress and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic anxiety disorder, and melancholy.
A great deal of attention is paid to the amount of THC and CBD In a given breed, but newer research indicates that terpenes could be just as impactful.
Terpenes are just another naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant.
The terpenes present directly influence the plant’s odor. They may also influence the effects made by specific strains.
Common terpenes include:
- Bisabolol: With notes of chamomile and tea tree oil, the terpene bisabolol is supposed to decrease inflammation and irritation. It might also have microbial and pain-reducing consequences.
- Caryophyllene: The peppery, hot molecule may decrease stress, relieve symptoms of depression, and enhance ulcers.
- Linalool: Linalool is thought to help improve relaxation and enhance the mood with its floral notes.
- Myrcene: The most frequent terpene, this earthy, herbal molecule can decrease stress and sleeplessness so that you can sleep better.
- Ocimene: This terpene creates notes of basil, mango, and parsley. Its principal effects may include relieving congestion and warding off bacteria and viruses.
- Pinene: As the name implies, this terpene creates an extreme pine odor. It can help boost memory, reduce pain, and alleviate some of the not-so-pleasant indicators of THC, such as nausea and coordination issues.
- Terpinolene: Cannabis with this chemical can smell like apples, cumin, and conifers. It may have sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
- Limonene: Bright, zippy citrus notes come from this terpene. It’s believed to enhance mood and reduce stress.
- Humulene: This terpene is earthy and woody, such as hops or cloves. Cannabis strains with this molecule can decrease inflammation.
- Eucalyptol: With notes of eucalyptus and tea tree oil, this molecule is refreshing and invigorating. It could also reduce inflammation and fight germs.
Normally, cannabis Indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants typically grow faster and have a higher return than the Sativa variety. Medicine generated from cannabis Indica plants have greater CBD and reduced THC counts.
The Significant qualities of Indica medicinal Breeds include:
- increased mental relaxation
- muscle relaxation
- decreases nausea
- decreases acute pain
- increases appetite
- increases dopamine (a neurotransmitter that helps control the brain’s reward and pleasure centers)
- For night time usage
Origin: Cannabis indica is native to Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Turkey. The plants have adapted to the often harsh, dry, and tumultuous climate of the Hindu Kush mountains.
Plant description: Indica plants are short and stocky with bushy greenery and chunky leaves which grow broad and wide. They grow faster than Sativa, and every plant produces more buds.
Average CBD to THC ratio: Indica breeds often have higher levels of CBD and less THC.
Commonly related effects of usage: Indica is sought after because of its intensely relaxing results. It can also reduce nausea and nausea and increase appetite.
Daytime or night use: due to its profound relaxation effects, India is better absorbed at night.
Popular breeds: Three popular Indica strains are the Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple.
Cannabis Sativa plants are reverse of those Indica strains and Grow tall and thin with narrow leaves. Sativa plants are also generally a lighter shade of green than their counterpart, the Indica strain. Sativa strains take more time to grow, mature, and need more light. Medicine generated from cannabis Sativa plants has lower CBD and higher THC counts.
The Significant qualities of Sativa medicinal Breeds include:
- treats chronic pain
- Increases creativity and focus
- increases serotonin (a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of learning, mood, sleep, anxiety and appetite)
- for day time use
Origin: Cannabis sativa is located primarily in hot, dry climates with long sunny days. These include Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, and western parts of Asia.
Plant description: Sativa plants are tall and thin with finger-like leaves. They could grow taller than 12 feet, and they take longer to mature than some other kinds of cannabis.
Average CBD to THC ratio: Sativa often has lower doses of CBD and higher doses of THC.
Commonly related effects of usage: Sativa often generates a”head high,” or an energizing, anxiety-reducing effect. If you use Sativa-dominant breeds, you might feel creative and productive, not relaxed and lethargic.
Daytime or night use: due to its stimulating effect, you may use Sativa in the daytime.
Popular breeds: Three popular Sativa strains are Acapulco Gold, Panama Red, and Durban Poison.
Possible side effects and risks
Although cannabis use is often associated with possible Benefits, it may also produce unwanted side effects.
- Dry mouth
- dry eyes
- increased heart rate
- diminished blood pressure
Most of these effects are correlated with THC, not CBD or other cannabinoids. But, any cannabis product can produce unwanted effects.
The method of use may increase your risk for side effects, also.
For example, smoking or vaping cannabis can irritate your lungs and airways. This can lead to coughing and respiratory issues.
Oral cannabis preparations, like gummies or biscuits, are less likely to affect your overall respiratory health.
However, the effects are felt more gradually and typically are not as strong.
How to Select the right product for you?
When you’re looking for the ideal cannabis product for you, keep These factors in mind:
understand what you are trying to attain. What you are trying to treat or feel can help you narrow your choices. Talk to the dispensary worker about your goals for cannabis use, whether that is treating sleeplessness, reducing anxiety, or raising energy.
Know your tolerance. Some breeds, such as Pineapple Express, are considered “entry-level.” Their effects are generally mild and tolerable. Strains with high levels of cannabinoids might be too powerful for a first-time consumer.
Consider your medical history. While cannabis is a natural item, it can result in intense effects. Before you try cannabis, you want to take into account potential interactions with existing medical conditions and drugs. When in doubt, ask a doctor or other health care provider about your unique benefits and possible risks.
Decide on a desirable consumption approach. Every method of consuming cannabis has advantages and drawbacks. If you smoke or vape cannabis, you might feel effects more quickly, but it can irritate your airways and lungs. Gummies, chewable, and meals may be easier to endure, but the consequences take longer and frequently are not as potent.
If you are interested in how cannabis might help you, talk to a physician or other health care provider.
They can discuss its possible negative and positive effects on Your individual health and assist you in finding something that suits your requirements.
Then, you can start to research your options. Finding the right choice for you may take some time. You may also realize that you don’t tolerate cannabis well.
If you live in a country that has legalized cannabis, you can Stop by a dispensary and talk to a trained staff member. They may be able to Recommend certain strains or alternative products to fit your unique needs.