Frog vs. Toad

Frog and toad both are amphibians and are similar in many ways but the main difference between them is that they both belong to different families.

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frog vs toad

Frogs and toads are classified under the same order within the animal kingdom called “Anura” but frogs belong to the family called “Ranidae” whereas toads are in the family of “Bufonidae

According to the Maryland Zoo, frogs and toads do have specific traits that define them. For instance, frogs spend most of their lives in or near water while toads can be seen on lands such as gardens and yards near to water.

From a distance, frogs and toads look the same as they both have short rigid bodies, a wide head, two hind legs, and two front arms but if we closely look at the frogs and toads they look very different from each other that anyone can spot from far away.

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Comparison Chart

Basis Frog Toad
Skin Differences Frog has a moist and smooth skin that makes them look slimy Toad has a rough, dry, and bumpy skin
Leg Differences Frogs have long, thin, and twig-like legs that give them the ability to jump to unexpectedly tall heights. Unlike frogs, toads have short and stubby legs that allow them to hop and run, but they cannot jump or leap like frogs.
Teeth They have teeth in upper jaw Toads do not have any teeth in their mouth
Breeding Frogs lay their eggs in the form of cluster Toads lay their eggs in long chains
Eyes Frogs have bulgy and round eyes slightly above their skull Toads have slightly bulgy eyes but they are not round or oval-shaped
Habitat A frog needs to live under or near water mainly in streams or ponds Toads live on lands mainly in fields, woods, and gardens
Predators Frogs have  many predators They do not have many predators as they give out a bitter smell and taste that can burn predators eyes and nostrils
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What are Frogs?

Frogs are amphibians that belong to the order Anura and are known for their jumping abilities, croaking sounds, bulging eyes, and slimy skin. They are found all over the world and are among the most diverse animal in the world with more than 6000 species.

Taxonomy of Frogs

The classification of frogs according to the AMNH is:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Sub Kingdom: Bilateria
  • Infra Kingdom: Deuterostomia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Sub Phylum: Vertebrata
  • Infra Phylum: Gnathostomata
  • Super Class: Tetrapoda
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Ranidae

Frog

Size & Appearance

Frogs are commonly seen green in color but they can range from any color of the spectrum. According to the San Diego Zoo, poison frogs are usually brightly colored and dressed in vivid reds, blues, oranges, yellows, and purple with some lovely pattern of spots or stripes.

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Frogs can be seen in varying size and shapes for instance, the largest frog is the Goliath frog is 13.5 inches long (30 cm) and weigh 6.6 lbs (3 kg) while the smallest frog is the gold frog which is 0.39 inches long (1 cm) and weigh only 7 ounces (200 grams).

Habitat

Frogs are found everywhere except Antarctica but mostly they are seen near a water source to reproduce.

Diet

Frogs can eat almost every living creature that can fit into their mouths. This includes worms, spiders, bugs, slugs, larvae, and even small fish.

Habits

Frogs are social creatures that love to live in groups called an army, knot, or a colony.  In the early years of their life, group of young frogs also swim together in school much like fish.

Offspring

To mate, male frogs will croak loudly to attract female frogs and when the female finds a male croak she likes, she releases eggs for him to fertilize.

According to San Diego, frogs become mature between 2 months – 3 years old. After a female frog mature, she can lay an egg from 2 – 50,000 at once, depending upon species.

What are Toads?

Like frogs, toads are amphibians that belong to the same order Anura. Toads are quite different from frogs because they have dry, bumpy skin with warts, crests behind the eyes, and the parotoid gland that secretes a poison to save a toad from its predators.

Toad

Size and Appearance

Toads are usually brown or green in color that can blend well into its surroundings and escape detection. Poisonous toads are bright in color to warn predators to stay away.

Toads may play dead or puff themselves to appear bigger if they feel threatened by predators.

The smallest toad is the Oak Toad (Bufo Quercis) with a length of only 1.3 inches (0.7 cm) while the largest toad is the Cane Toad (Rhinella Marina) that grows up to 9 inches (23 cm) in length.

Habitat

Toads are found in every continent excluding Antarctica. Adult toads generally prefer moist and open habitats like grass fields.

Diet

Like frogs, toads eat insects and other arthropods.

Key Differences between Frog and Toad

  1. Frogs spend most of their lines in or near water like rivers, lakes, and streams while toads are often found in fields, gardens, and forests.
  2. Frogs have smooth skin that looks like slime while toads have dry, rough, and bumpy skin.
  3. The eyes of frogs are round and bulge out while the eyes of toads look like a football and also have glands behind their eyes that produce poison.
  4. Frogs lay an egg in a cluster or clump form and a toad lays an egg in a long chain.
  5. Frogs have long and powerful legs and can hop easily while having much shorter legs and prefer to crawl around rather than hop.

Comparison Video

Conclusion

Frogs and toads both are amphibians that are similar in many ways but in reality, they are quite different from each other from living in different habitats to looking different from each other.

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