Ethyl Alcohol vs. Isopropyl Alcohol

The difference between ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol is that ethyl alcohol is primary alcohol, 1st OH is attached whereas isopropyl alcohol is secondary alcohol, and 2nd OH is attached.

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Ethyl Alcohol vs. Isopropyl Alcohol

There are many forms of alcohol, the primary two types of alcohol are ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol. If we talk about the differences, there are a lot of differences between ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol. The main difference between ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol is that is that ethyl alcohol is primary alcohol, 1st OH is attached whereas isopropyl alcohol is secondary alcohol, and 2nd OH is connected. Ethyl alcohol is derived from corn whereas isopropyl alcohol is derived from propane. Ethyl alcohol is available with an excise tax on the other hand isopropyl alcohol is available only with sales tax.

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If we talk about the use of ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol, for the drinking purposes ethyl alcohol, we used as an alcoholic drink whereas isopropyl alcohol is used to kill germs and bacteria. Isopropyl alcohol in most cases is ingestible and cause severe health problems although ethyl alcohol is terrible for the health but is digestible. Ethane and steam are reacted to form ethyl alcohol. Ethane is the parent component of ethyl alcohol and is found in corn; Ethane undergoes a steam process to create ethyl alcohol. Ethyl alcohol is used for drinking purpose.

On the other hand, isopropyl alcohol is made from fossil fuels. Fossil fuels undergo hydration process and are combined with chemicals to form isopropyl alcohol. A critical process that is carri6ed out for the formation of isopropyl alcohol is distillation.  Ethyl alcohol is available in pure form whereas isopropyl alcohol is not available in pure form.  Ethyl alcohol is also known as grain alcohol. Isopropyl is used as a cleanser and is also used as antiseptic rubbing.

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Ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol are OH group but have different series of carbon.

Drinking alcohol is very common although it is not suitable for the human body. Whiskey, beer and wine are ethyl alcohol. Yeast makes these, starch turn into carbon dioxide and alcohol.  Ethanol is used as a fuel in cars, ethanol is also used to make whiskey, but that form of alcohol is distilled.  In whiskey, there is 40 % alcohol and 60% water. The molecule of Isopropyl alcohol is more significant than the molecule of ethanol.

Contents: Difference between Ethyl Alcohol and Isopropyl Alcohol

Comparison Chart

Basis Ethyl Alcohol Isopropyl Alcohol 
Meaning Ethyl alcohol is primary alcohol, 1st OH is attached. Isopropyl alcohol is secondary alcohol, and 2nd OH is attached. 
drink Ethyl alcohol is drinkable Isopropyl alcohol is  not drinkable
Boiling point 78 C 82.4 C
Melting point 115 C -89.5 C

 What is Ethyl Alcohol?

 Ethyl alcohol is primary alcohol, 1st OH is attached. Ethyl alcohol is also known as ethanol. Ethyl alcohol is colorless and is a flammable liquid.  The boiling point of ethyl alcohol is 78 C, and the melting point is -115 C. Ethyl alcohol has electronegativity between oxygen and hydrogen and belongs to –OH group. Alcohol beverages are ethyl alcohol, there is a different kind of alcoholic drinks, and they are different in the amount of ethanol percentage. Sugar fermentation is carried out using the zymase enzyme to make ethanol. Alcohol is terrible for our bodies and is a toxin for our liver. Ethyl alcohol has antiseptic properties.

Ethanol or ethyl alcohol has two carbon atoms, sex hydrogen and one oxygen. There are two ways of producing ethyl alcohol first my alcohol fermentation and second by ethane with steam. One unique property of ethyl alcohol is that it is readily soluble due to its polarity. While using in labs, one must be very careful with ethyl alcohol as it is highly flammable.  Ethanol is used in perfumes and a disinfectant. Ethyl alcohol has very harmful effects on our body.

The most common use of ethyl alcohol is in the medical field as an antiseptic. The medical wipes that are used in operations are made with ethyl alcohol. Before injections, the skin is sterilized using alcohol. All medical equipment is sterilized using alcohol. In different products such as oils, tinctures concentrate ethyl alcohol is used as a solvent.

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What is Isopropyl Alcohol?

Isopropyl alcohol is secondary alcohol, and 2nd OH is attached.  Isopropyl alcohol is two propanols and an isomer of propanol. If we talk about molecular formula, isopropyl alcohol has one oxygen, three carbon and eight hydrogens. The method thought which isopropyl alcohol is made is strong acid process. The boiling point of isopropyl alcohol is 82.4 C whereas the melting point of isopropyl alcohol is -89.5 C. There are many advantages and ways we can use isopropyl alcohol in our lives. Isopropyl alcohol is used in the manufacturing of acetone. If isopropyl alcohol is used in many ways, it is also very harmful and has toxins. Isopropyl alcohol is indigestible. The use of isopropyl alcohol cause irritation in eyes and nose.  Ethyl is primary, and isopropyl alcohol is secondary alcohol.  Following are some advantages of isopropyl alcohol:

  • Cleaning purpose
  • Removing Stains
  • Perfumes
  • Fuel

Key Differences between Ethyl Alcohol and Isopropyl Alcohol

  1. Ethyl alcohol is primary alcohol whereas Isopropyl alcohol is a secondary alcohol
  2. 1st OH is attached in ethyl alcohol whereas 2nd OH is attached in isopropyl alcohol.
  3. Ethyl alcohol is drinkable whereas Isopropyl alcohol is not drinkable
  4. The boiling point of ethyl alcohol is 78 C, and the melting point is -115 C.
  5. The boiling point of isopropyl alcohol is 4 C whereas the melting point is -89.5 C.
  6. Ethyl alcohol is mostly used as an alcohol drink whereas isopropyl alcohol is primarily used as antiseptic.

Conclusion

In the article above we see the clear difference between ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol. The main difference is due to different chemical structures. Some carbons are also different; ethyl alcohol has two carbons whereas isopropyl alcohol has three carbons. Ethyl alcohol is primary alcohol whereas isopropyl alcohol is secondary alcohol. There is also the difference between their boiling and melting point.

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