Estan In English

Estonia is a small country located in the northeast of Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and Latvia to the south. The country has a population of around 1.3 million people and is known for its unique mix of Scandinavian, Russian, and German culture.

One of the most interesting things about Estonia is its rapid development after the fall of the Soviet Union. In just a few decades, the country has transformed itself into a modern technology-driven society, earning the nickname “e-Estonia” for its digital innovations.

Estonia’s economy is driven by its strong IT sector, with major companies like Skype and TransferWise founded in the country. Along with this, Estonia has a relatively high standard of living, with a well-developed social welfare system and a surprisingly low income tax rate of just 20%.

Tourism is also an important industry in Estonia, with visitors drawn to the country’s stunning natural beauty and rich history. The medieval Old Town of Tallinn, the capital city, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular destination for tourists.

But what is life like for the locals in Estonia? Let’s take a closer look at some of the key aspects of Estonian culture and way of life.


The official language of Estonia is Estonian, which is part of the Finno-Ugric language family (related to Finnish and Hungarian). Estonian is known for its complex grammar and pronunciation, which can be challenging for non-native speakers.

However, English is also widely spoken in Estonia, particularly among younger generations and those in the tourism and IT industries. Many signs and menus are also available in English, making it easy for visitors to get around and communicate.


Estonian cuisine has its roots in peasant traditions, with simple and hearty dishes like black bread, smoked fish, and meat stews. However, in recent years there has been a surge of modern and creative restaurants popping up across the country, offering a more diverse range of cuisine.

Some popular Estonian dishes include:

– Kama: A traditional cereal made from toasted barley, rye, oat, and pea flour, often mixed with yogurt or kefir.
– Kohuke: A sweet snack made from curd cheese and covered in chocolate, often eaten for breakfast.
– Verivorst: A blood sausage made from barley and pork blood, typically eaten during Christmas season.

Social norms and customs

Estonians are generally reserved and introverted, preferring to keep their personal space and not engage in small talk with strangers. However, once you get to know them, they are warm and hospitable.

When greeting someone, it is customary to shake hands and maintain eye contact. Estonians also value punctuality, so it’s important to be on time for appointments and meetings.

Estonians also have a strong connection to nature and the outdoors, with hiking, camping, and sailing popular activities. Saunas are also a big part of Estonian culture, with many households having their own sauna and public saunas available throughout the country.

Education and healthcare

Estonia has a well-developed education system, with free and high-quality education available to all. Children start school at the age of seven and attend school for 12 years, with options for vocational training and higher education available.

The healthcare system in Estonia is also highly regarded, with universal healthcare available to all citizens and residents. However, like many countries, there can be long waiting times for non-urgent medical procedures.


Q: Is Estonia a safe country to travel to?
A: Yes, Estonia is generally considered a safe country to visit, with low levels of crime and a well-developed infrastructure for tourists.

Q: What is the best time of year to visit Estonia?
A: The summer months (June-August) offer the warmest weather and longest days for outdoor activities, while winter (December-February) can be magical for seeing snow and enjoying winter sports. However, Estonia’s shoulder seasons (May-June and September-October) can also be a great time to visit, with milder weather and fewer crowds.

Q: Do I need a visa to visit Estonia?
A: This depends on your nationality. Citizens of the EU, EEA, and Switzerland do not need a visa to travel to Estonia, while citizens of many other countries can enter for up to 90 days without a visa. Check with your local embassy or consulate for specific requirements.

Q: What is the currency used in Estonia?
A: The Euro (EUR) is the official currency of Estonia. Most major credit cards are also widely accepted, and ATMs can be found throughout the country.

In conclusion, Estonia may be a small country, but it has a lot to offer visitors and residents alike. From its innovative digital society to its stunning natural beauty and rich history, Estonia is a unique and fascinating place to explore.