Differences In Christianity And Catholicism

Differences In Christianity And Catholicism: Key Points To Understand

Religion and faith have been a big part of human history, and Christianity has been the most followed religion in the world. With Christianity, there are many different branches, one of which is Catholicism. While both Christianity and Catholicism share some fundamental beliefs, they also have some significant differences. In this article, we will guide you through the core differences between Christianity and Catholicism, their practices, and their similarities.

What Is Christianity?

Christianity is the most practiced religion in the world, with over 2.3 billion adherents. Christians believe in God and in Jesus Christ as his son and savior. Christians believe that the Bible is the holy book and the word of God. Christians live their lives by following the Ten Commandments and teachings of the Bible.

Christians believe that by accepting Jesus Christ as their personal savior, they will be forgiven for their sins and attain eternal life in heaven.

What Is Catholicism?

Catholicism is a branch of Christianity that is led by the Pope as its spiritual leader. The Catholic Church has its headquarters in Vatican City, Rome, and has over 1.3 billion followers worldwide. Catholics believe in God, the Holy Bible, and that Jesus Christ is the son of God and the savior of the world.

Catholics also believe that the Pope is the successor of Peter, the first bishop of Rome, and that he has the authority to make decisions and interpretations on matters of faith and morals.

Key Differences Between Christianity and Catholicism

1. The Authority of the Bible

The Bible is the holy book of Christians, and they interpret and follow it based on their understanding. The Bible has four gospels, and Christians believe that it is the word of God. On the other hand, Catholics also consider the Bible as the holy scripture, but they believed in both the Bible and the Catholic Church’s teachings.

2. The Role of Mary

The role of Mary, the mother of Jesus, differs in Christianity and Catholicism. Many Christians believe that Mary was blessed because she was chosen to give birth to Jesus Christ, but she is not worshipped, while Catholics give her a high honor and pray to her for intercession.

3. Praying To Saints

While Catholics believe that saints can intercede on their behalf to God, Christians do not have this belief. Christians only pray to God, and do not believe in invoking the intercession of saints or Mary.

4. Confession

Catholics believe in sacramental confession, which is confessing one’s sins to a priest. Christians do not follow the same concept of confession. They believe that they can confess their sins directly to God without the intervention of a priest.

5. Communion

In Catholicism, sacramental communion is celebrated by the Holy Eucharist, which is considered the body and blood of Christ. Catholics must receive Communion with the belief that it is truly Christ’s body and blood. Christians, on the other hand, view Communion as a symbolic representation of Christ’s body and blood.

6. Structure of the Church

The structure of the Christian and Catholic Church is another key difference. Christianity is not centralized, and there is no formal hierarchy. Every Christian church is independent, and they make decisions independently. In Catholicism, the Pope is the head of the Church, and there is a structured hierarchy. Priests and bishops are appointed, and decisions are made based on Catholic Church law.


Christianity and Catholicism have many similarities but are also fundamentally different. Christians and Catholics may have different interpretations of the Bible and religious practices, but they both follow divine principles of kindness, morality, and love. Understanding the key differences between Christianity and Catholicism is essential in building tolerance, respect, and appreciation for diversity in religious beliefs.