Difference Christian And Catholic

When it comes to Christianity, there are different denominations that follow varying practices and beliefs. Two of the largest Christian groups are Catholic and Protestant, but what sets them apart? In this article, we’ll delve into the major differences between Christianity and Catholicism, including their history and doctrine.

What is Christianity?

Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, who serves as the foundation of the faith. The religion began during the first century AD in Jerusalem, Judea. Christianity emphasizes the importance of faith in God, the Holy Bible as its central scripture, and the belief in the Trinity, comprising God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Christians practice various ceremonies and rituals, such as Baptism and Holy Communion, and seek to follow Jesus’ teachings in their daily lives.

What is Catholicism?

Catholicism is a branch of Christianity that originated in Rome during the first century AD. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian organization in the world, accounting for over 1.3 billion members worldwide. The Pope serves as the highest authority in the Church, and the Church’s hierarchy comprises Cardinals, Bishops, Priests, and Laypeople.

Catholicism’s unique features include the celebration of the seven sacraments, such as Baptism and the Eucharist, the veneration of Mary and the saints, and the belief in purgatory. The Catholic Church has a rich history of artwork, music, architecture, and religious tradition.

What are the Major Differences Between Christianity and Catholicism?

1. Authority

One of the significant differences between Christianity and Catholicism is the source of authority. Protestants believe in sola scriptura, meaning that the Bible is the final source of authority in Christian teaching. In contrast, Catholics view tradition as being just as important as the Bible. The Catholic Church’s interpretation of the Bible is based on the Magisterium, which is the Church’s official teaching authority. Thus, the Church’s teachings are considered a supplement to the Bible.

2. The Role of Mary

Protestants hold that Jesus alone is the one mediator between God and man, and therefore reject the veneration of Mary or other saints. However, the Catholic Church views Mary as the Mother of God and the Queen of Heaven, along with other titles. Catholics also pray to Mary and other saints for intercession.

3. The Eucharist

Another significant difference between Christianity and Catholicism is the Eucharist. Protestants consider Communion a symbolic remembrance of Christ’s sacrifice, while Catholics believe in transubstantiation, where the bread and wine become the actual body and blood of Jesus during the Mass.

4. The Sacraments

Catholics celebrate seven sacraments, which are Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Marriage. Protestants only recognize two sacraments, such as Baptism and Communion.

5. View on Purgatory

Catholics believe in purgatory, a place where the soul of a deceased Christian goes through a period of cleansing before entering heaven. Protestants deny purgatory’s existence in favor of the belief that a believer goes to heaven immediately after death.

6. The Hierarchy

In Christianity, there is no hierarchy or governing body. Christianity denominations mostly work as independent congregations. However, Catholicism has a hierarchical system where the Pope serves as the highest authority in the Church, followed by the Cardinals, Bishops, Priests, and Laypeople.


In conclusion, Christianity and Catholicism differ in various ways like authority, the role of Mary, the sacraments, view on purgatory, and the hierarchy system. No matter the differences, both share the common belief in Jesus Christ as our Lord and Savior, and follow His teachings. It’s essential to respect one another’s beliefs and seek unity amidst our diversity.