Difference Between \’S And S\’

The English language can be a tricky one to master, especially when it comes to nuances such as differences in spelling and grammar. One such difference is ‘s and s’, which can cause confusion for many. The difference between ‘s and s’ lies in their usage in the English language. In this article, we will delve deeper into the topic and compare the two.

Singular and Plural

The most straightforward difference between ‘s and s’ is that ‘s’ is used to signify that a noun is singular, whereas ‘s’ is used to show a plural noun. For example, the word ‘book’ is singular, but the phrase ‘books’ signifies that there is more than one book. Similarly, ‘bag’ is singular, but ‘bags’ is plural.


Another difference between ‘s and s’ lies in their use to indicate possession. When used in this context, ‘s’ is used to show that a singular noun possesses something, while the apostrophe ‘s’ is used to indicate that a plural noun possesses something. For example, ‘the cat’s tail’ signifies that the tail belongs to a single cat, while ‘the cats’ tails’ implies that numerous cats possess tails.


The difference between ‘s and s’ is also prevalent in verbs. ‘S’ is used as a suffix in the third person singular of present tense verbs, while ‘s’ is used in the present participle form of verbs. For example, ‘he runs’ and ‘she sings’, use ‘s’ in the present tense. In contrast, ‘growing’, ‘driving’, ‘swimming,’ etc., use ‘s’ in the present participle.

Comparing ‘S and S’

One way to compare ‘s and s’ is by looking at their origins. The distinction between the two originally came from the Old English language, where a different set of letters was used for plural and possessive nouns. The ‘s’ used for plurals in modern-day English was created during the Middle English period when the ‘-es’ suffix was used more commonly to identify plurals. It gradually evolved into the simpler form we use today.

On the other hand, the use of an apostrophe to indicate possession seems to have come into English from French during the Middle Ages. This meant that the ‘s’ suffix was not commonly used to indicate possession until much later.


Q. Can ‘S and s’ be used interchangeably?

A. No, ‘s and s’ cannot be used interchangeably as they serve different purposes. ‘S’ indicates a singular noun, while ‘s’ indicates a plural noun or possession.

Q. When should we use apostrophes with ‘S and s’?

A. Apostrophes are used in two situations with ‘s and s’. Firstly, to indicate possession: ‘The boy’s bike’ or ‘The boys’ bikes.’ Secondly, to indicate missing letters in a contraction, such as ‘it’s’ for ‘it is’ or ‘don’t’ for ‘do not.’

Q. Are there any exceptions to the rule?

A. Yes, there are exceptions to the rule. For example, some nouns maintain the same spelling for both singular and plural forms, like ‘deer’ and ‘sheep’. Similarly, a few words like ‘its’ that indicate possessive pronouns do not use an apostrophe.


In conclusion, the difference between ‘s and s’ is quite straightforward when we understand its various applications. These differences can range from indicating singular and plural nouns to indicating possession or even verbs. Understanding the differences between the two is crucial for communicating clearly and effectively in written or verbal communication. So next time you see a word that ends with ‘s’, pause to take note if it is indicating plurality or possession. With a bit of practice, it will become a natural part of your writing and speaking.