Difference Between Psychology And Neuroscience


Humans are always fascinated by their own behavior and the way they think. Psychology and neuroscience are two popular fields that deal with the study of the human mind and how it operates. However, many people find it difficult to differentiate between these two terms. In this article, we will explore the key differences between psychology and neuroscience.

What is Psychology?

Psychology is a science that studies the mind, behavior, and mental processes of human beings. It is the study of the structures and functions of the human mind and how they influence behavior, thoughts, and emotions. Psychology involves the observation and analysis of human behaviors, thoughts, and emotions.

Psychologists study mental processes such as perception, learning, memory, attention, motivation, emotion, and abnormal behavior. They also explore the cognitive, emotional, and social processes that affect human behavior.

What is Neuroscience?

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary field that studies the nervous system and the brain. This field is concerned with understanding the cellular, molecular, and physiological processes that underlie brain function. Neuroscience merges several disciplines like psychology, biology, chemistry, and physics to understand brain function.

Neuroscientists study the brain and its functions, including how it interacts with the body and the environment. They also study the neural basis of cognitive processes such as perception, emotion, attention, and behavior.

Difference between Psychology and Neuroscience:

1. Scope:

Psychology is a broad field that deals with the study of human behavior, thoughts, and emotions. It covers various areas such as social, cognitive, developmental, abnormal, clinical, and educational psychology. It includes the study of psychological disorders, mental health, and human interactions.

On the other hand, neuroscience is a more specific field that focuses on the study of the nervous system and the brain. It covers areas such as cellular and molecular neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and computational neuroscience. It includes the study of neurodegenerative diseases, neural networks, and brain-computer interfaces.

2. Methodology:

Psychology uses a wide range of research methods such as experiments, surveys, case studies, and observational methods to study human behavior and mental processes. Psychologists use standardized tests and questionnaires to measure personality traits, intelligence, and cognitive abilities.

Neuroscience, on the other hand, uses various imaging techniques such as MRI, EEG, and PET to visualize brain structure and function. It also uses molecular and cellular techniques to study the interactions of neurons and the brain with the environment.

3. Focus:

Psychology focuses on understanding human behavior, thoughts, and emotions. It aims to help people improve their mental and emotional well-being by studying human behavior and mind.

Neuroscience, on the other hand, focuses on understanding the physiology of the brain and the nervous system. It aims to understand the neural basis of behavior, emotion, and cognition. It also aims to develop treatments for neurological and psychiatric disorders.

4. Career Opportunities:

A degree in psychology can lead to careers in clinical psychology, counseling, research, education, or social work. Psychologists can work in schools, hospitals, private practices, and research institutions.

A degree in neuroscience can lead to careers in academia, research, or industry. Neuroscientists can work as professors, researchers, or consultants in pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies.


In conclusion, psychology and neuroscience are two distinct but related fields that deal with the study of human behavior and the brain. Psychology focuses on understanding the human mind, behavior, and emotions, whereas neuroscience focuses on understanding the physiological and cellular processes of the brain and the nervous system. While they have different areas of study and methodologies, both fields aim to improve the quality of human life by understanding the mind and brain.