Difference Between Eagle And Hawk

As two of the most majestic birds of prey, eagles and hawks are often mistakenly identified as the same bird. However, there are notable physical and behavioral differences between the two that sets them apart. In this article, we will delve into the difference between eagle and hawk, and explore their individual characteristics and behaviors.

Physical Differences

Eagles are generally larger birds than hawks, with their wingspan measuring 6-7 feet, while hawks have a wingspan of 3-4 feet. Eagles have a more powerful build with heavy, sturdy bodies, while hawks are generally more slender and streamlined in appearance. One of the most notable physical features that distinguish eagles from hawks is the shape of their beaks. Eagles have large, hooked, and powerful beaks which they use to tear into their prey, while hawks have a more streamlined and pointed beak that is used to catch prey on the wing.

Behavioral Differences

Eagles and hawks have different hunting strategies and behavioral patterns. Eagles are apex predators, meaning they are at the top of the food chain, and their primary source of food is other animals. They have keen eyesight which allows them to spot prey from a great distance while soaring in the sky. Once their prey is spotted, eagles will swoop down with lightning-fast speed, often diving at speeds of over 100 miles per hour. They then use their strong talons to catch their prey and fly back up to their perch or nest to devour it.

Hawks, on the other hand, are incredibly agile birds that hunt on the wing. They are known for their swift and graceful flight patterns, often weaving and turning through the air in pursuit of their prey. Unlike eagles, hawks hunt primarily smaller prey such as rodents, reptiles, and insects. They are also more opportunistic hunters and will often wait in trees or perches for their prey to come within striking distance before launching into the attack.

Environmental Differences

Eagles and hawks also differ in the types of environments they inhabit. Eagles are more commonly found near large bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and coastal areas. This is because their primary source of food is fish, which are abundant in these locations. Hawks, on the other hand, are comfortable in a wide range of environments, although they are most commonly found in open fields, grasslands, and forests.

Popular Species of Eagle and Hawk

Now that we have covered the general differences between eagles and hawks, let’s explore some of the most common species of each.

Eagle Species

Bald Eagles: Bald eagles are one of the most recognizable species of eagle due to their distinctive white head and tail. They are found throughout North America and are a symbol of strength and freedom in the United States.

Golden Eagles: Golden eagles are found throughout North America, Europe, and Asia, and are known for their striking black and gold feathers.

Hawk Species

Red-tailed Hawks: Red-tailed hawks are the most common hawk species in North America and are easily identifiable by their distinctive red tail feathers.

Cooper’s Hawks: Cooper’s hawks are smaller than the red-tailed hawk and are known for their agile and stealthy hunting strategies.

Kestrels: Kestrels are the smallest species of hawk and are known for their hovering flight pattern which allows them to hunt small prey such as insects and mice.


In conclusion, eagles and hawks may share some similarities as birds of prey, but their distinct physical characteristics, behavioral patterns, and environmental differences set them apart. Understanding these differences can help bird enthusiasts and nature lovers better identify and appreciate these awe-inspiring birds. Whether you prefer the powerful and majestic presence of the eagle or the quick and agile movements of a hawk, both species serve an important role in our ecosystem and are a testament to the beauty and diversity of the natural world.