Difference Between Bathroom And Restroom

The terms bathroom and restroom are often used interchangeably, but there are small differences between the two. A bathroom is mainly used for personal hygiene activities like taking a bath, brushing teeth, and washing hands while the term restroom applies to a public facility that is often used for public access. As a result, it is important to understand the differences between these two words if you want to use them correctly.


A bathroom is a private room typically found in a house and is designed for personal hygiene activities like taking a shower, brushing teeth, or using the toilet. Bathrooms contain fixtures such as a sink, a toilet, and a bathtub or shower. Many modern-day homes have multiple bathrooms, with an en-suite being the most popular setup. In a standard setup, bathrooms are usually located near the bedroom or the living room for convenience.


In contrast, a restroom is a public facility typically found in places like cafes, restaurants, or airports. These are designed to be used when people need to relieve themselves in a public place. Unlike a bathroom- which is commonly used in private places like homes- the restroom can be accessed by anyone, from tourists to employees. Restrooms are usually separated by gender; however, some public restrooms are now being designed to be gender-neutral.

Differences between Bathroom and Restroom

The key difference between a bathroom and a restroom is their location and accessibility. Bathrooms are private and are typically located inside the house or within one’s private space in a public area, such as a hotel room. Restrooms, on the other hand, are accessible to the public and are generally located in public places such as parks, airports, and restaurants.

Another significant difference between the two is the purpose of each. Bathrooms are designed for personal hygiene activities, such as bathing or taking a shower, and are also used for the elimination of bodily waste. Restrooms, on the other hand, are designed specifically for relieving oneself in a public setting.

Features of Bathrooms and Restrooms

Bathrooms typically have a more aesthetic design and are equipped with features that are not found in public restrooms. Some of these features include:

1. Lighting – Bathrooms often feature good lighting so individuals can see themselves clearly in the mirror while getting ready.

2. Shower/Bathtub – Bathrooms come equipped with showers and bathtubs for personal cleaning and relaxation.

3. Storage – Almost all bathrooms feature storage areas to store toiletries and supplies.

4. Personalization – Individuals can personalize their bathrooms by choosing the fixture’s design, color, and style.

In contrast, public restrooms are designed to be functional rather than aesthetically pleasing. As they are used by the public, there are some essential features that they need to be equipped with. These include:

1. Toilets – A public restroom will always have multiple toilets to cater for the public.

2. Mirrors – Mirrors are provided to allow individuals to check their appearance.

3. Hand washing stations – Public restrooms always have an area for washing hands with soap and water.

4. Appropriate waste disposal bins- These are aimed at ensuring that there is no littering and inappropriate waste disposal in the public places.


Q. Can a bathroom be used as a restroom?

A. Technically, yes, a bathroom can be used as a restroom. However, it is not ideal to use your private bathroom as a restroom for public use.

Q. Why are some public restrooms labeled as gender-neutral?

A. Gender-neutral restrooms have been installed to cater to individuals who do not identify with the gender binary concept, which only recognizes male and female genders. Gender-neutrals facilities ensure inclusivity regardless of an individual’s gender identity.

Q. How important is it for public restrooms to be accessible?

A. Public restrooms are required by law to be accessible, particularly for individuals with disabilities. These restrooms are equipped with features such as wheelchair ramps, handrails, and other features that make them accessible to people with disabilities.


In conclusion, even though the terms bathroom and restroom are often used interchangeably in everyday language, there are significant differences between them. While the bathroom is a private area generally used for personal hygiene, restrooms are public facilities used for relieving oneself. Therefore, knowing the differences between these two words can help you to use them correctly while communicating.