Diferencia Entre Buho Y Lechuza

Diferencia Entre Buho Y Lechuza: What You Need to Know

When it comes to owl species, many people find themselves confused about the difference between two common types: the buho and the lechuza. Although both are nocturnal birds of prey, they differ greatly in their physical characteristics, habitat, behavior, and even their cultural significance to different societies. In this article, we will explore the main differences between buhos and lechuzas, and shed light on some FAQs about these amazing creatures.

Physical Differences

One of the most obvious differences between a buho and a lechuza is their appearance. Buho is a Spanish term for the Eurasian eagle-owl, while lechuza refers to the barn owl. Here are some physical traits that set them apart:

– Size: Buho is significantly larger than lechuza, with a wingspan of up to 6 feet and a weight of around 6-7 pounds. Lechuza, on the other hand, has a wingspan of 3-4 feet and weighs only 1-2 pounds.
– Coloration: Buho has a distinctive orange or yellow beak, a blackish-brown face with prominent eyebrows, and mottled grayish-brown feathers on its body. Lechuza, however, has a heart-shaped, white face with black eyes and a light tan or yellowish-brown plumage.
– Habitat: Buho prefers to live in mountainous or forested areas, while lechuzas are more commonly found in open fields, farmland, or rural areas.
– Behavior: Buho is known for its deep hooting sounds, while lechuzas have a distinctive screech or hiss. Buho is also more aggressive and territorial, while lechuzas are more docile and social.

Cultural Significance

Another aspect that sets buhos and lechuzas apart is their cultural significance in different societies. Both have been revered and feared throughout history, but for different reasons.

In some native legends and folklore, buhos are associated with wisdom, magic, and protection. They are believed to be messengers of the gods, guardians of secrets, and powerful allies for hunters, warriors, and healers. In ancient Greece, the owl was the emblem of the goddess Athena, symbolizing knowledge, strategy, and victory.

Lechuzas, on the other hand, are often considered to be omens of bad luck, death, or witchcraft. In many cultures, their screeching calls are associated with ghosts, nightmares, or demonic forces. In some Latin American countries, there is a belief that if a lechuza perches on someone’s roof or window at night, it means that a family member will die soon.

Conservation Status

Both buhos and lechuzas are facing threats to their survival due to habitat loss, hunting, poisoning, and other human activities. However, their conservation status is different.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), buhos are classified as “Least Concern” in their global conservation status, meaning that they are not considered to be at immediate risk of extinction. However, some local populations are declining due to habitat fragmentation and poaching.

Lechuzas, on the other hand, have a more critical conservation status. They are listed as “Near Threatened” globally and as “Endangered” in some regions, such as Europe and North America. The main threats to their survival include the destruction of grassland and wetland habitats, the use of pesticides that affect their prey and health, and the persecution by humans who consider them to be pests or bad omens.


Q: Are buhos and lechuzas dangerous to humans?

A: No, both species of owls are not a threat to humans unless they feel threatened or provoked. They are mostly focused on hunting small mammals, birds, or insects and do not attack people unless they mistake them for prey or defend their nests.

Q: Can I keep a buho or lechuza as a pet?

A: No, it is illegal and unethical to keep wild animals as pets. Owls, like any other wildlife, belong in their natural habitats and cannot thrive in captivity. Moreover, they require specialized care, such as a specific diet, shelter, and exercise, that most people cannot provide.

Q: How can I help protect buhos and lechuzas?

A: There are several actions that you can take to support owl conservation efforts, such as:

– Avoid using pesticides or other toxic chemicals that harm owls and their prey.
– Preserve natural habitats and raise awareness about the importance of biodiversity.
– Report any illegal or harmful activities that threaten owls’ welfare, such as hunting or habitat destruction.
– Support conservation organizations and campaigns that aim to protect owls and their habitats.


In conclusion, understanding the difference between buhos and lechuzas can help us appreciate their unique traits, ecological roles, and cultural significance. By adopting a respectful and responsible attitude towards these magnificent birds, we can help ensure their survival and contribute to the conservation of our natural heritage.