Cutlass Vs Sabre

Cutlass Vs Sabre: Similarities, Differences, and Comparison

There are different types of swords with a fascinating history, and two of the most popular include the cutlass and the sabre. These two swords share some similarities but also have a few differences. In this article, we will compare the cutlass vs sabre and help you understand what sets them apart.


The cutlass is a relatively short sword with a slightly curved blade. It has a single cutting edge that runs down the length of the blade and generally has a basket-shaped guard to protect the hand. Historically, the cutlass was used by sailors and pirates during naval battles, where its short length made it the perfect weapon for close-quarters combat. Cutlasses also played a significant role in the Caribbean during the Golden Age of Piracy.

One of the most recognizable features of the cutlass is its weight. It is a dense sword and has a considerable amount of heft behind it, which makes it a very effective weapon for slicing through flesh, bone, and even organic materials like rope. The weight distribution also means that the blade moves swiftly through the air when swung, helping to maintain momentum and increase the cutting power.


Unlike the cutlass, the sabre is a longer sword with a slightly curved blade that tapers to a point. It has a single cutting edge as well but generally has a knuckle bow that extends to protect the hand. The sabre originated in Eastern Europe and was used by cavalrymen, who rode on horseback and charged into battle. The sabre was significant because it allowed the rider to engage in deadly attacks while maintaining momentum.

The sabre’s design is ideal for slashing rather than thrusting, as it cuts through flesh, muscle, and bone. The tapered shape of the blade helps it build up momentum as it cuts, ensuring a powerful and effective strike. The knuckle bow also protected the hand when using the sword, making it a safe weapon to wield.

Comparison of Cutlass vs Sabre

When comparing the cutlass and the sabre, there are several differences and similarities between the two.


The cutlass has a curved blade, which is shorter in length than the blade of the sabre. The sabre has a slightly curved blade that is longer and tapers to a point. While both swords have a single cutting edge, the cutlass generally has a basket-shaped guard, while the sabre has a knuckle bow.


Cutlasses were mainly used in naval battles, where they were ideal for close-quarter combat. They were also used by pirates on land and sea. The sabre was used by cavalrymen, who rode on horseback, and it was helpful when charging into battle. The sabre was also used in some infantry battles, especially in Eastern Europe.


The cutlass is made from steel and is generally shorter and bulkier than the sabre. The sabre is made from lighter materials, making it relatively easier to swing and maneuver.


Q: What Makes the Cutlass and Sabre Unique?
A: Both swords have an incredible history, and their design makes them unique. The cutlass was mainly used by sailors and pirates, while the sabre was used by cavalrymen. The cutlass has a shorter, curved blade, while the sabre is longer and tapers to a point.

Q: Which Sword is Better for Self-Defense?
A: The cutlass and the sabre are both effective for self-defense, but it depends on the situation. The cutlass is better suited for close-quarter combat, while the sabre is ideal for slashing and maintaining momentum.

Q: How Do You Choose Between a Cutlass and a Sabre?
A: When choosing a sword, it’s important to consider its use. If you’re looking for a sword to take on a naval voyage, the cutlass is more suitable. However, if you’re looking for a sword to use as a cavalryman or for self-defense, the sabre is a better choice.


From their unique design to their usefulness in different situations, both the cutlass and the sabre have their place in history. While they share some similarities, such as the single cutting edge, they also have some differences, such as the length and design of the blade. Whether you prefer the cutlass or the sabre, both are excellent examples of the beautiful and dangerous art of swordfighting.