Cores Vs Logical Processors

Central Processing Units (CPUs) drive the performance of electronic devices such as computers, laptops, smartphones, and tablets. The architecture of these electronic devices comprises several components that work together to execute tasks, and the CPU is the primary component responsible for executing these tasks.

As CPUs have evolved over the years, two terminologies have come up – cores and logical processors. Both terms relate to CPU specifications, but they have varying meanings, and it’s vital to understand the difference between them. This article aims to explain the differences between cores and logical processors and compare them as well.

Cores Vs Logical Processors
A core is a physical processing unit in a CPU that can execute instructions independently. A computer may have a single-core, dual-core, quad-core, octa-core, or more. Each core works in conjunction with other cores to execute instructions simultaneously, which increases a computer’s performance. The more cores a CPU has, the more efficient it is, and the better it can multitask.

A logical processor, on the other hand, is a thread or a virtual processing unit created by the computer’s operating system to simulate an additional processing unit. Logical processors use hyperthreading technology to simulate an additional core, and they are beneficial for running multiple applications simultaneously.

Logical processors are a technology designed to improve the performance of multicore CPUs. With hyperthreading technology, the CPU can execute two threads simultaneously by splitting each core into two different threads. Essentially, the CPU can execute four threads at the same time with a quad-core CPU, making the computer much faster.

Comparing Cores Vs Logical Processors
Cores and logical processors differ significantly in terms of their implementation, purpose, and performance. Here are a few ways in which they differ:

1. Implementation
Cores are a physical unit in the CPU, while logical processors are created by hyperthreading technology.

2. Purpose
Cores are designed to execute tasks independently, while logical processors are intended to simulate an additional processing unit to improve performance.

3. Performance
Cores are more efficient than logical processors because they execute instructions simultaneously, while logical processors execute instructions in a sequential order.

4. Multitasking
Cores are beneficial for multitasking because they can execute multiple instructions simultaneously, while logical processors can only simulate an additional processing unit and lack the full capabilities of a physical processing unit.

5. Energy Efficiency
Logical processors are more energy-efficient than cores because they use existing resources to simulate an additional processing unit, which requires less power than building an extra physical processing unit.


1. Which is better, cores, or logical processors?
Cores are better for processing power, while logical processors are better for multitasking. However, the implementation of logical processors depends on the software being used, and not all software utilizes hyperthreading technology.

2. Is it better to have more cores or logical processors?
It’s better to have more cores than logical processors because cores execute instructions simultaneously, while logical processors simulate an additional processing unit and lack the full capabilities of a physical processing unit.

3. Can you enable or disable logical processors?
Yes, you can enable or disable logical processors through the computer’s BIOS settings.

4. Does hyperthreading affect performance?
Yes, hyperthreading technology can significantly improve performance because it simulates an additional processing unit, which allows the CPU to execute multiple threads simultaneously.

In conclusion, both cores and logical processors are essential CPU specifications because they play a significant role in a computer’s performance. However, there’s a significant difference between them in terms of implementation, purpose, performance, multitasking, and energy efficiency. When purchasing a computer or upgrading its components, it’s crucial to consider the number of cores and logical processors to ensure that the computer meets your processing and multitasking needs.