Core Vs Logical Processor

Core Vs Logical Processor: Understanding the Difference

In today’s world where computers are the norm, it is essential to understand the differences between various components of a computer system. A computer system’s central processing unit (CPU) is responsible for executing instructions and managing the system’s resources. Two essential components of CPU architecture are cores and logical processors. This article aims to explain the difference between cores and logical processors and how they affect a system’s performance.

What is a Core?

A core is a processing unit within a CPU that can perform tasks independently of other cores. Advanced CPUs can have multiple cores, meaning they can perform multiple tasks simultaneously. For example, a CPU with four cores can perform four tasks simultaneously, while a CPU with six cores can perform six tasks at once. Each core has its set of resources, such as registers, caches, and execution units, meaning that they can work independently of other cores without affecting performance.

Cores have become the standard component in modern CPUs because they increase a system’s performance. There is a limit to how many cores can be included within a CPU, and adding more cores can also increase the system’s power consumption and heat production.

What is a Logical Processor?

A logical processor is a virtual processor within a physical CPU. Logical processors are created by taking advantage of the processing power of a physical CPU’s core with the help of hyper-threading technology. Hyper-threading allows a single core of a processor to perform two instruction threads simultaneously, meaning they can push twice the amount of work. Logical processors increase system performance by doubling the number of processing units available for each core. This technology has been a significant improvement in CPU technology as it utilizes each core to its fullest potential, increasing performance while minimizing power consumption.

While logical processors have their benefits, they are not as efficient as actual cores. Logical processors are created by virtualizing the core to increase its capacity, meaning it is not a physical core. Logical processors also benefit different activities differently. For example, activities that require the CPU to perform heavy calculations may benefit more from a physical core than logical processors.

Core Vs Logical Processor

The primary difference between cores and logical processors is based on whether they are physical or virtual. A core is a physical processing unit with its resources, meaning it can perform tasks independently from other cores. A logical processor, on the other hand, is a virtual processor created with the help of a physical core.

Cores are the actual units that perform the computations while logical processors utilize hyper-threading technology to increase the capacity of a single core. While both logical processors and cores can perform multiple tasks simultaneously, cores are generally more efficient than logical processors.

Cores vs. Logical Processors: Which is Better?

Choosing between a core or a logical processor ultimately depends on the user’s intended use of their system. For users who prioritize speed and performance, a system with a higher number of actual cores is the better option. These systems are better equipped to handle tasks that require heavy computations or frequent multitasking, such as gaming and video editing.

On the other hand, logical processors may be a better option for users who use their systems for lighter tasks, such as browsing the internet or word processing. These tasks may not require the full capacity of an entire physical core, making a system with logical processors a more cost-effective option. Logical processors are also better suited when there is a need to have a large number of system resources available without requiring full physical cores, such as in virtualized systems.


1. How many cores do I need?

The number of cores needed depends on the tasks you intend to perform. For tasks that require heavy computations, such as gaming or video editing, a system with more cores is ideal. For lighter tasks, such as browsing the internet or word processing, a system with a lower number of cores may suffice.

2. What are hyper-threading technology and how does it increase performance?

Hyper-threading technology is a technology that utilizes a single core to perform two instruction threads simultaneously. This technology increases performance by doubling the number of processing units available for each core, allowing a core to push twice the amount of work.

3. How do I know the number of cores and logical processors on my system?

To know the number of cores and logical processors on your system, right-click on My Computer or This PC, and click on Properties. Select Device Manager and expand the Processors section to view the number of cores and logical processors available.


In conclusion, both cores and logical processors are essential components of a CPU, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Cores are physical units that can perform independent tasks without affecting performance, while logical processors are virtual units created to increase processing power. In general, systems with a higher number of physical cores are better equipped for tasks that require heavy computations, while systems with logical processors may be more cost-effective for lighter tasks. It is essential to consider your intended use of the system when choosing between cores and logical processors.