Christianity Vs Catholicism Difference

Christianity and Catholicism are two of the most popular and influential religions in the world today. Both religions have similarities and differences which have led to controversies and debates among their followers. While Christianity is a general term used to describe different denominations, Catholicism is a specific denomination within Christianity. This article will highlight the significant differences between Christianity and Catholicism, compare them, and answer some of the most frequently asked questions about the two religions.

Christianity Vs. Catholicism: What Are the Differences?

1. The Papacy: One of the most significant differences between Christianity and Catholicism is that Catholics recognize the Pope as the head of the Church. The Pope is believed to be the ultimate authority in matters of faith and morals for Catholics. In contrast, Protestants believe in sola scriptura, which means that the Bible is the sole authority in matters of faith and practice.

2. Mary and the Saints: Catholics venerate Mary and the saints as intercessors and helpers in prayer, as they ask for their help and guidance in their everyday lives. Catholics believe that Mary is the mother of God, and she plays a significant role in salvation history. Protestants, on the other hand, focus entirely on Jesus Christ as the sole mediator between God and man. Though they have reverence for Mary and the saints, they do not venerate or pray to them.

3. Liturgy and Sacraments: Catholics have a rich liturgical tradition and seven sacraments, which are considered essential for salvation. These sacraments include baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, and marriage. Protestant denominations have fewer, if any, sacraments, and their worship services are often more simplistic, focusing more on preaching and personal spiritual experiences.

4. The Bible: Catholics and Protestants share a belief in the Bible as the word of God. However, Catholics include additional books, known as the Apocrypha, which are not recognized by Protestants. The Apocrypha is part of the Roman Catholic canon, but it is not included in most Protestant Bibles.

5. Salvation: Catholics believe in salvation through faith, good works, and the sacraments. Protestants, on the other hand, believe in salvation through faith alone. They reject the idea that good works or sacraments are necessary for salvation, arguing that they are acts of obedience and gratitude, not a means of obtaining salvation.

6. Role of the Church: Catholics believe that the Church is necessary for salvation and that it is responsible for the interpretation of the Bible. In contrast, Protestants hold that each believer has direct access to God through Christ, and the Bible is self-interpreting. Therefore, they do not believe in hierarchical religious structures like the Vatican.

Christianity Vs. Catholicism: What Are the Similarities?

Despite the differences between Christianity and Catholicism, there are also many similarities between the two religions. Both religions believe in the Holy Trinity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Both religions also believe in the Bible as the word of God, the resurrection of Jesus Christ, and the existence of heaven and hell.

Both Christianity and Catholicism place a significant emphasis on prayer and spirituality, with a focus on serving others and putting faith into action. Additionally, both religions have a rich history of martyrs and saints who have sacrificed their lives for their beliefs.


1. Is Catholicism a separate religion from Christianity?

No, Catholicism is a denomination within Christianity. Christianity is a broad term that describes different denominations like Catholicism, Protestantism, and Eastern Orthodoxy.

2. Can a Catholic attend a Protestant church?

Yes, Catholics are allowed to attend Protestant worship services, but they cannot take communion.

3. Why do Catholics pray to Mary and the saints?

Catholics believe that Mary and the saints are intercessors who can help Catholics in their spiritual journey. They do not worship Mary or the saints but ask for their prayers and guidance.

4. Is the Pope infallible?

The Papal infallibility is a Catholic teaching that states that the Pope is protected by the Holy Spirit from error when he speaks on matters of faith and morals. This only applies when he speaks ex cathedra, on issues of doctrine and morals.

5. Do Catholics believe in the Rapture?

No, Catholics do not believe in the Rapture. This belief is specific to some Protestant denominations.


In conclusion, Christianity and Catholicism share many beliefs and values, but they differ on fundamental issues like the Papacy, the role of Mary and the saints, liturgy, and the Bible. Despite these differences, both religions have played a significant role in shaping the world’s history, culture, and spiritual traditions. Ultimately, the decision of which religion to follow is a personal one, based on individual faith and beliefs.