The key difference between C and C++ is that C is a procedural programming language that does not support classes and objects. On the other hand, C++ object-oriented language that supports classes and objects.
C++ is the advanced version of C. Both are a programming language and both have many similarities, but C++ was made as C language was not able to meet all requirements a programming language should meet. C++ is a combination of both procedural and object-oriented language that is the reason it is known as a hybrid language.
Here is the comparison chart that will show you the clear difference between C language and C++ language.
|Basis||C Language||C++ Language|
|Definition||C Programming language is the procedural language used for programming.||C++ Programming language is the combination of both procedural and object-oriented language.|
|Objects and Classes||Do no support objects and classes.||C++ is the object-oriented language. And support objects and classes.|
|Overloading||Function overloading is not supported.||Function overloading is supported.|
|Data type||Only support built-in data type.||Support both user data type and built-in data type|
|Extension||File Extension of C programming language is .C||File Extension of C++ programming language is .CPP|
What is C Language?
C Programming Language was developed By Dennis Ritchie at AT&T Bell labs in 1969. C Programming language is the procedural language and does not support object-oriented programming. C language also does not support user data type and function overloading. You can only use pointers and cannot use reference. A big drawback of C language is that mapping is very complicated between two or many functions.
What is C++ Language?
As C language was lacking in many features, so an advance language was produced that was called C++ language. Both C and C++ programming language seems to be the same but there is a lot of difference between them. C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979. C++ is an object-oriented programming language this is the reason it support objects and classes. C++ support both type of data that is data that is given by user type data and built-in data. C++ programming language support both pointers and references.
Here are the key differences between C programming language and the C++ programming language.
- C programing language is the procedural language and C++ is a hybrid language that means it is both procedural and object-oriented language.
- C ++ programming language is the advanced form of C programming language.
- C language do no support classes and objects and C++ does support classes and objects.
- In C++ programming language mapping between the functions is very complicated whereas in C language mapping is easy.
- C++ support both user data type and built-in data type but in the case of C programming language only built-in data type is supported.
- Function overloading is allowed in C++ programming language whereas function overloading is not allowed in C language.
- Forgetting output in C we use printf and in C++ we use court
- Forgetting input in C we use scanf and in C++ we use cin.
- The file extension of C is .C whereas file extension of C++ is .CPP
The brief difference between C programming language and C++ programming language is given in this article. The only big difference is that C programming language do not support object-oriented language that is an important part of programming today whereas C++ does support object-oriented programming.