Blake Drain Vs Jackson-Pratt

Blake drain and Jackson-Pratt drains are two types of surgical drains used to remove excess fluid from a surgical site post-surgery. These drains have similar functions, but they have some differences as well.

In this article, we will take a closer look at both types of drains, explore their similarities and differences, and help you determine which type is better suited for your post-operative care.

What are Surgical Drains?

Surgical drains are tubes inserted into a surgical site to remove excess fluid, blood, and pus, which can accumulate after surgery. Drains are typically left in place for several days or weeks, depending on the patient’s recovery and healing process.

Surgical drains are necessary because if excess fluid accumulates in the surgical site, it can cause an infection, inflammation, or slow down the healing process. By removing this fluid, surgical drains improve the patient’s recovery time and minimize the risk of complications.

Blake Drain

The Blake drain is a surgical drain named after its inventor, Arthur Blake. It consists of a flexible rubber tube that is inserted into the surgical site, with a perforated silicone bulb at the end. The bulb functions as a reservoir for the fluid, allowing for easy removal of the accumulated fluid using a syringe.

The Blake drain is typically secured to the skin using a stitch or a suture. Its flexibility allows it to conform to the contours of the surgical site, making it comfortable for the patient. It is more commonly used in abdominal surgeries, such as hysterectomy and cholecystectomy.

Jackson-Pratt (JP) Drain

The Jackson-Pratt (JP) drain is another type of surgical drain named after its inventors, Frederick E. Jackson and David C. Pratt. Like the Blake drain, it consists of a flexible rubber tube with a perforated bulb at the end, but instead of a silicone bulb, the JP drain has a compressible plastic bulb.

The plastic bulb creates negative pressure, which helps to suction fluid out of the surgical site. The JP drain is secured to the skin using a loop or extra holes, and it is typically more comfortable for patients than the Blake drain, as it conforms better to the body’s contours.

The JP drain is commonly used in breast surgeries, such as mastectomy or lumpectomy, but it can also be used in other surgical procedures.

Key Differences Between Blake Drain vs. Jackson-Pratt

Now that we understand the basic functions, let’s dive into the differences between the Blake drain and JP drain.

1. Surface Area

The surface area of the perforations at the end of the Blake drain is relatively small, which could cause blockages if the fluid is thick or has clots. On the other hand, the JP drain’s bulb has a larger surface area, making it less likely to become blocked.

2. Suction

The JP drain’s compressible plastic bulb creates negative pressure or suction, helping to remove fluid more efficiently. In contrast, the Blake drain needs a syringe to extract fluid from the perforated silicone bulb.

3. Comfort

Patients may find the JP drain more comfortable as it conforms to the body’s contours better than the Blake drain. Additionally, the JP drain’s bulb is compressible, reducing the risk of kinking or pulling, which can cause discomfort.

4. Specific Procedure

Blake drains are typically used in abdominal surgeries, while the JP drain is more commonly used in breast surgeries, particularly in plastic surgery procedures.


Both Blake drain and Jackson-Pratt drain are essential surgical drains that play a crucial role in post-operative care. They are similar in function but have differences that make one more suitable for certain surgical procedures than the other.

If you’re unsure which drain is better for your surgical site, consult with your surgeon or healthcare provider. They can help you choose the right drain based on your specific surgical needs and ensure a faster, smoother, and more comfortable recovery.

Keywords: surgical drains, Blake drain, Jackson-Pratt (JP) drain, surgical site, post-operative care, excess fluid, perforated silicone bulb, plastic bulb, negative pressure, suction, flexible rubber tube.