Arigato Gozaimasu Meaning

Arigato gozaimasu is a Japanese phrase which means “thank you very much”. It is often used in formal situations, such as when thanking someone for their hospitality, a gift, or a service. The phrase is part of Japanese culture and is used frequently in daily conversations. In this article, we will explore the meaning of arigato gozaimasu and compare it to other thank you variations from other cultures.

Arigato Gozaimasu Meaning

Arigato gozaimasu is made up of three Japanese words; arigato, gozaimasu, and the particle “o”. Arigato simply means “thank you”. Gozaimasu is a polite suffix added to the end of a sentence to show respect and formality. The particle “o” is added before arigato to make the phrase more polite.

The phrase is an essential part of Japanese social etiquette and is used to show gratitude, appreciation, and respect. It is a way of acknowledging someone’s kindness or help, and it is often accompanied by a bow, which is another important part of Japanese culture.

Arigato Gozaimasu and Other Thank You Variations

Expressions of gratitude may vary across different cultures. Other countries have their own ways of saying thank you, with varying degrees of formality and different connotations. Here are some examples of thank you variations from different cultures:

1. Merci (French) – This word translates to “thank you” in English. It is used in France and other French-speaking countries.

2. Dank u wel (Dutch) – This phrase is used in the Netherlands, and it means “thank you very much”.

3. Muito obrigado (Portuguese) – This expression is used in Portugal and Brazil, and it means “thank you very much”.

4. Gracias (Spanish) – This word means “thank you” and is used in Spain, Mexico, and other Spanish-speaking countries.

While there are many ways to say thank you, the underlying sentiment is the same – gratitude and appreciation for something that someone has done.

FAQs about Arigato Gozaimasu

1. Is it necessary to use arigato gozaimasu in Japan?

In Japan, using arigato gozaimasu is considered polite and respectful. It is customary to use it in formal situations, such as at work or when thanking someone for a gift or service. However, it is not necessary to use it in informal situations with friends or family.

2. Can I use arigato without adding gozaimasu?

Yes, you can use arigato on its own, but it is less formal than arigato gozaimasu. It is often used in casual conversations with friends or family.

3. How do I pronounce arigato gozaimasu?

The word arigato is pronounced “ah-ree-gah-toh”, gozaimasu is pronounced “goh-zai-mas”, and together they are pronounced “ah-ree-gah-toh goh-zai-mas”.

4. Can I use arigato gozaimasu in English-speaking countries?

Yes, it is appropriate to use arigato gozaimasu when speaking to a Japanese person or in a Japanese setting. However, if you are not familiar with Japanese culture, it is better to use the English equivalent; thank you very much.


Arigato gozaimasu is a fundamental part of Japanese culture, and it is used to show appreciation and gratitude in formal situations. While there are many ways to say thank you, the underlying sentiment is always the same. Whether you are in Japan, France or any other country, expressing gratitude and appreciation is an important part of social interactions. So, next time you receive a gift or a service from someone, be sure to show your gratitude by saying “arigato gozaimasu”.