Are Romans Italians

Are Romans Italians?

Rome is an ancient city that is well known for being the capital of Italy. Throughout history, Rome has been widely recognized as one of the most powerful and significant cities in the world. This has led to many people wondering if Romans are Italians or not. The answer to this question is more complex than what most people might think.

The Roman Empire was one of the most influential empires in the world that spanned over several centuries. It was established in 753 BC and lasted until AD 476. During its reign, the Roman Empire held control over various regions of the world, including Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Talking about Italy, it is a country located in Southern Europe. It is famous for its rich culture, vibrant history, and is a hub of the iconic artistic, architectural, culinary, and fashion styles. Italy is known for its influence on Western civilization, including language, religion, and ideology.

Are Romans Italians? The answer is not a simple “yes” or “no.” To understand why, it is essential to dive deeper into the history and culture of both ancient Rome and modern-day Italy.

Romans: Ancient culture and civilization

The Romans were the people who lived in the ancient Roman Empire. They were renowned for their contributions to the world in various fields, including architecture, art, engineering, language, philosophy, politics, and law, to name a few.

During the ancient Roman period, Romans did not consider themselves to be Italians. They identified themselves as “Roman” and believed that they were a superior culture compared to the other groups in ancient Italy. Romans were proud of their achievements and believed they had the right to dominion over the world.

When it comes to the architecture that Rome has left behind, there are many examples of iconic landmarks such as the Coliseum, the Pantheon, and the Roman Forum, to name a few. These architectural marvels still stand today and are a testimony to the exceptional craftsmanship and creativity of the Romans.

Italians: Modern-day culture and civilization

Italy, on the other hand, is a modern-day country that comprises of 20 regions, each with its unique culture, language, and customs. Italy’s culture is well known for its fashion, design, music, food, and wine, to name a few.

Italy is primarily known for its many great contributions to the world in fields such as art, literature, architecture, music, and cuisine. It has been the birthplace of many famous artists, scientists, and inventors throughout history.

One of Italy’s biggest cultural contributions is its language – Italian, which is widely recognized as one of the world’s most elegant and musical languages. Italy has also been the birthplace of a remarkable art style that influenced many significant artists throughout history, including Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael.


To answer the question of whether Romans are Italians or not, the answer is both “yes” and “no”. In ancient times, Romans identified themselves as Romans and considered other Italians to be inferior. However, over the years, the cultures of Italy have evolved and merged, and now Romans are considered to be Italians in modern-day society.

Despite their different identities, it’s undoubted that the Romans had a significant influence on Italy’s culture that we know and love today. Their contributions to various fields throughout history serve as a testament to their genius and creativity. It’s therefore impossible to talk about Italy’s cultural heritage without acknowledging the significant role of the Romans in shaping it.

In conclusion, Romans and Italians might be different in many ways, such as language, customs and traditions, and ideologies. But it’s impossible to deny their connection and the fascinating history that binds them together.