Akc Vs Ckc

When it comes to registering a purebred dog, one of the most important decisions that a breeder or pet owner has to make is whether to go for an American Kennel Club (AKC) or a Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) registration. Both of these organizations serve the same purpose – to maintain the quality and purity of pedigrees, ensure the welfare of dogs, and promote responsible breeding and ownership. Despite their similarities, however, there are several differences between AKC and CKC that every dog lover should know.

In this article, we will compare AKC and CKC in terms of their history, registration process, requirements, benefits, and drawbacks. We hope that this information will help you make an informed decision and choose the right organization for your furry friend.

History of AKC and CKC

The AKC was founded in 1884 and is the largest and oldest purebred dog registry in the United States. It is a non-profit organization that is dedicated to promoting the welfare of dogs and educating the public about responsible dog ownership. The AKC maintains a database of over 22,000 breeds and varieties of purebred dogs and offers a range of services, including registration, events, and health testing.

The CKC, on the other hand, was established in 1888 and is the primary registry for purebred dogs in Canada. Like the AKC, it is a non-profit organization that is committed to promoting the well-being of dogs and upholding the standards of breeding and ownership. The CKC has over 175 member clubs and recognizes over 175 breeds and varieties of dogs.

Registration Process

The registration process for both AKC and CKC is similar, but there are some key differences. To register a purebred dog with AKC, you need to fill out an application form, provide proof of lineage, and pay a fee. The AKC requires a three-generation pedigree and does not accept dogs that are not purebred. It also offers various additional services, such as DNA testing, microchipping, and Canine Good Citizen certification.

The registration process for CKC is also straightforward, but it requires some additional documentation compared to AKC. In addition to a three-generation pedigree, CKC also requires documentation of the dog’s Canadian Kennel Club-approved breed’s health clearances, such as OFA/CHIC, CERF, or DNA. CKC also accepts new or unrecognized breeds.


Both AKC and CKC have specific requirements that breeders and dog owners must follow to maintain their registration status. AKC has a set of breed standards that describe the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of each breed. Before registering your dog with AKC, you must confirm that it meets the breed standard and go through various health testings like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, etc. AKC also has a code of ethics for breeders that outlines the responsibilities of breeders and encourages them to prioritize the welfare of their dogs over financial gain.

The CKC also has specific breed standards, as well as a code of ethics for breeders. Unlike AKC, CKC does not require health testing before breeding a dog, but it does require documentation of the dog’s health clearances before registering the litter. CKC also mandates that breeders ensure that their dogs are not being used for abusive or exploitative purposes, such as dogfighting or puppy mills.

Benefits and Drawbacks

Both AKC and CKC offer several benefits and drawbacks, depending on your needs and values. The AKC is more widely recognized in the United States, which means that AKC-registered dogs may have more options for events, shows, and competitions. AKC also offers more extensive services, such as DNA testing and registration for new varieties of breeds.

The CKC, on the other hand, may be a better choice for those who prioritize the welfare of dogs and responsible breeding practices. CKC has stricter guidelines for breeders and more oversight over how its members breed and sell dogs. CKC also offers a Canine Good Neighbour Program, which is similar to AKC’s Canine Good Citizen program, but with a focus on socialization and obedience in real-life situations.


1. Is AKC or CKC better for a purebred dog registration?

The answer depends on your needs and priorities. If you live in the United States and want to participate in AKC events or use AKC services, AKC registration is the better choice. If you prioritize the health and welfare of dogs and live in Canada, CKC registration may be the better option.

2. Can a dog be registered with both AKC and CKC?

Yes, it is possible to register a dog with both organizations. However, this may come with additional costs, and it is essential to ensure that both organizations recognize each other’s pedigrees and standards.

3. How much does AKC or CKC registration cost?

The cost of AKC or CKC registration varies based on the type of registration, the dog’s age, and various other factors. Generally, AKC registration costs may be higher than CKC’s due to its wider range of services and recognition in the United States.


AKC and CKC are two of the most prominent purebred dog registries in the world, and each has its unique benefits and drawbacks. When choosing between the two organizations, it is essential to consider your needs, your dog’s welfare, and your values. Registration ensures that your dog’s breed is purebred by maintaining the quality and purity of pedigrees, ensuring the welfare of dogs, and promoting responsible breeding and ownership. Choose wisely!