22 Vs 5.56

When it comes to choosing between the 22 and 5.56 cartridges, it’s important to understand the differences between the two. The 22 is a rimfire cartridge, typically used for small game hunting and target shooting, while the 5.56 is a centerfire cartridge, often used for military and law enforcement purposes.

One of the main differences between the two cartridges is their size. The 5.56 is a larger round, with a longer overall length and greater case capacity. This means that the 5.56 is able to generate more power and velocity than the 22, making it a more effective choice for long-range shooting and penetrating targets such as body armor.

Another difference between the two cartridges is their cost. Generally speaking, the 22 is a far cheaper cartridge than the 5.56, both in terms of ammunition cost and the cost of firearms chambered in the round. This makes the 22 a popular choice for shooters on a budget or for those who are just starting out in the world of firearms.

Despite the differences between the two cartridges, there are some similarities as well. Both rounds are capable of accuracy at short to medium distances, although the 5.56 is generally considered to be more accurate at longer ranges. Additionally, both cartridges are popular choices for target shooting and practice, as they both offer relatively low recoil and high availability of ammunition.

Ultimately, the choice between the 22 and 5.56 comes down to personal preference and intended use. Shooters who prioritize cost and ease of use may find the 22 to be a better choice for their needs, while those who prioritize power and accuracy at long ranges may prefer the 5.56.


Q: Is the 22 powerful enough for self-defense?
A: While the 22 can be effective in self-defense situations, it is generally not considered to be a suitable choice for this purpose. The small size and low velocity of the round make it less effective at stopping an assailant than other cartridges.

Q: Is the 5.56 suitable for hunting?
A: Yes, the 5.56 is a popular choice for hunting medium-sized game such as deer and hogs, as it offers excellent accuracy and penetrating power.

Q: Can I shoot 22 ammunition in a 5.56 rifle?
A: No, it is not safe to shoot 22 ammunition in a rifle chambered for the 5.56 cartridge. While the two cartridges may appear similar, they are not interchangeable and attempting to use 22 ammunition in a 5.56 rifle can result in damage to the firearm or injury to the shooter.

Q: What is the effective range of the 5.56?
A: The effective range of the 5.56 varies depending on the firearm and ammunition used, but is generally considered to be around 600-800 yards for a skilled marksman.